The Society of Friends

The Society of Friends – aka Quakers – is a Christian Protestant sect founded by George Fox in the 17th century.

In 1717, they directed that stones should not be set up on graves, and that any already erected should be removed. Many were moved to private houses – see John Elam.

They held their services at meeting houses:

They were very active in Rastrick. In 1759, there were more Quaker meeting houses in Halifax parish than those of any other group of Dissenters.

In general, Quakers could only marry other Quakers.

Quakers were banned from attending universities and went into trade and industry – such as Cadbury, Rowntree and Fry – rather than the professions.

Because of their pacifist beliefs, Quakers were not popular with the general public and were often persecuted.

An Order for Imprisonment of Friends [1660-1666] lists a number of Quakers aged over 18 years who had refused to take an oath of allegiance. They were ordered to be received into the gaol and held there.

The list included

They had their own Burial Grounds

There are several entries relating to Quakers in the district:

Adult School Movement

Albert  Benjamin Bayes
David  Binns
Rev Joseph Birch
Bootham School, York
Henry  Broadbent
James  Brooksbank
Charles  Roden Buxton

John  Clay
Joseph  Travis Clay
The Collinson family of Halifax
Thomas  Collinson
Rev  Henry Crabtree

Thomas Dearnally
District Friends' School, Ackworth
Robert Duckworth
Henry  Dyson
Simeon  Dyson

Robert  Eastburn
John Eccles
John Elam

John  Fielden
John  Fielden
Joshua  Fielden
Joshua  Fielden
Joshua  Fielden
Joshua  Fielden
Thomas  Fielden
Thomas  Fielden
Joseph  Firth
Joseph  Firth
Thomas  Firth
Thomas  Firth
Alexander Fothergill
George  Fox
Friends Adult School, Halifax
Dr  Joseph Fryer

The Greene family

Jonathan Halliday
Sir  Thomas Hanbury
Richard Hanson
Richard  Hanson
Abraham Hodgson
Sarah Hodgson

Henry Kailey

Abraham  Kershaw
John  King

Richard  Lawson
Jonathan  Laycock
Joshua Laycock
Joshua  Laycock

Mankinholes Quaker Meeting House

Newlands Meeting House, Rastrick

William  Parker
Pilkington Hall Burial Ground, Mankinholes
Pilkington Hall, Mankinholes
Jonas Preston
William  Preston

Quaker Burial Ground, Shoebroad
Quakers in Brighouse & Rastrick

Robert  Ramsden
Rowntree's of York

Sir  Richard Saltonstall
Rev Thomas Shillitoe
Shoebroad Farm Meeting House
John  Smith
Joshua  Smith
Joshua  Smith
Snake Hill Meeting House, Rastrick
Snake Hill, Rastrick
Sowerby Old Road Quaker Chapel
Jonas  Stansfield
Steeple Tax
Stones House, Todmorden
Mary Storrs
Daniel Sutcliffe

Rev  Christopher Taylor
Captain  Thomas Taylor
Joseph  Thorp

Henry  Wadsworth
Ephraim  Winn
Matthew Wright

Yeoman clothier

The Clay family of Rastrick
The Cooper family of Brighouse
The Fryer family of Rastrick
The Stancliffe family of Shibden

See Quaker dates, Quaker names, Slave trade and Sufferings

© Malcolm Bull 2022
Revised 13:13 / 19th January 2022 / 12131

Page Ref: ZZ_126

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