Halifax ...

Entries beginning Halifax ... and The Halifax ... are gathered together in this Sidetrack.

HalifaxRef 31-H244
Town in West Yorkshire on the banks of the Hebble on the eastern slopes of the Pennines, and covering an area of 75,000 acres. The town is the administrative centre of Calderdale.

See Population, Name of Halifax, Parish statistics, New Halifax and Toffee Town

This & associated entries use material contributed by Darrell Prest

Halifax-Aachen SocietyRef 31-2466
The aims of the Society is to foster links between families in Halifax and in Aachen by exchange visits. Those active in setting up the Society included Arnold Edwards, Leslie Rayner Gaimster and Maurice Jagger

Halifax Act [1555]Ref 31-H1867
This recognised the special circumstances of Halifax and waived earlier legislation, allowing middle men to sell directly to the poore folkes

Halifax Adult Deaf & Dumb InstituteRef 31-2716
Recorded in 1917 at 11 George Street, Halifax when Mrs B. W. Jackson was honorary secretary

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax AdvertiserRef 31-1876

Halifax Aerated Water CompanyRef 31-5

Halifax Agricultural ShowRef 31-1189
Annual show held on Savile Park in August. Weather spoilt the event in August 1966.

See Yorkshire Show and Harold Victor Leslie Westwood

Halifax Agricultural SocietyRef 31-2498
See Edward Nelson Alexander

The Halifax Almanack & Parish Year BookRef 31-1962
Almanac compiled and published in 1865 by Henry Leach.

The 1866 edition was printed by Copley Ramsden. Price 3d

Halifax Amateur Operatic SocietyRef 31-1930

Halifax Amateur Orchestral SocietyRef 31-1834
Recorded in 1881

Halifax AmbassadorRef 31-1873
A street patrol in Halifax town centre. This was introduced in 2003 to patrol the streets in an attempt to make the town centre safer.

In October 2005, it was announced that the service was under threat because of lack of funding

Halifax & Borough ClubRef 31-3820
Barum Top. In 1973, the Halifax Club merged with the Borough Club to become the Halifax & Borough Club.

The Club closed in February 1980.

It subsequently became a succession of pubs:

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Glover

Halifax & Calder Vale Agricultural AssociationRef 31-2361
From 1838, the association held an annual exhibition of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, wool, roots and implements.

In 1874, they were at 18 Cheapside, Halifax when William Irvine was Secretary.

See The Oak Room, Old Cock Inn

Halifax & Calder Vale Agricultural, Steeplechase & Racing Co LtdRef 31-2009
Established Halifax Race Course, Pellon from July 1878 to July 1884. The company held two meetings a year

Halifax & Calder Vale HuntRef 31-1826
Established in the 19th century.

They met at the Shoulder of Mutton, Midgley and at Warley.

Established the Halifax & Calder Vale Steeplechase

Halifax & Calder Vale SteeplechaseRef 31-2006
Began in 1877 with a meeting at Mount Tabor

Halifax & District Amateur Cricket AssociationRef 31-3427
Recorded in 1931, when Herbert Sutcliffe attended a prize-giving ceremony

Halifax & District Band of Hope UnionRef 31-1979
Established in 1858. From 1860, they held their meetings at the Halifax Temperance Hall

In 1905, they were at Halifax Central Hall.

In 1917, they were at Union Street, Halifax when William Henry Duckett was secretary.

See Band of Hope

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax & District Brussels Carpet Weavers AssociationRef 31-2998
Established in 1892

Halifax & District Carters' & Motormen's AssociationRef 31-2996
A local trade union. In 1936, it merged with the Transport & General Workers' Union

See Halifax Carters' Association

Halifax & District Carters', Draymen's & Horsemen's AssociationRef 31-761
Recorded in December 1902, when a meeting of the Sowerby Bridge Branch was held at the Wharf, Sowerby Bridge.

See Halifax Carters' Association

Halifax & District Catholic Amateur Operatic SocietyRef 31-1861
Established in 1956. Their first production was The Mikado at the Marlborough Hall, Halifax on 29th October 1956

Halifax & District Creditors' AssociationRef 31-2725
Recorded in 1917 at Southgate Chambers, Halifax when J. S. Lees was secretary

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax & District Farmers' AssociationRef 31-3411
On 30th April 1920 the Association decided that the price of milk in Halifax should be increased to 10d a quart.

On 9th May 1920, there was a demonstration at Savile Park against the price of milk supplied by the Association.

On 17th May 1920, the Citizens' Committee of the Association met at the Saddle Hotel, Halifax, to discuss the price of milk.

On 1st February 1922, the price of milk was reduced to 7d a quart

Halifax & District Installed Masters' AssociationRef 31-2445
Recorded in 1925

Halifax & District Intermediate Rugby Football UnionRef 31-2004
Recorded in 1907

Halifax & District Licensed Victuallers' Rifle Shooting LeagueRef 31-40

Recorded around 1914, when Samuel Hodgson was a member

Halifax & District Licensed Victuallers' Wine & Beersellers' Protection & Benevolent AssociationRef 31-2726
Recorded in 1917 at the Sportsman Inn, Halifax when Greenwood Dawson was secretary

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax & District Master Spinners' FederationRef 31-1845
Established in 1913. Clement Holdsworth was first president [1913-1919].

In 1982, it joined the Confederation of British Wool Textiles.

See Halifax Master Worsted Spinners

Halifax & District Medical SocietyRef 31-25

Officers of the Society have included

Halifax & District Mineral Water Manufacturers Association LimitedRef 31-2501

Question: Is this the same as the Halifax Aerated Water Company?


On 4th September 1900, the company was wound up at an Extraordinary General Meeting.

This was a Voluntary Winding Up at the instance of Robinson Brothers Cork Growers Limited

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom & Brian Spencer

Halifax & District Newspaper Company LimitedRef 31-3221
In 1894, they published The Halifax Free Press newspaper. They were at Barum Top, Halifax

Halifax & District Perfect Thrift Building SocietyRef 31-367
Established at 9 Ferguson Street in 1894. T. K. Greenwood was Secretary [1894-1895]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax & District Permanent Bank LimitedRef 31-100
Opened by the Halifax Permanent Building Society. The bank was incorporated in 1908. It began trading in 1909.

In 1917, it was sold to the Union Bank of Manchester

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder

Halifax & District Permanent Banking Company LimitedRef 31-H8
Founded by Sir Enoch Hill. The bank opened for trading in 1909.

They had branches at

In 1917, the company merged with the Union Bank of Manchester Limited.

On 22nd September 1927, it was announced that the Society would merge with Halifax Permanent Building Society of 1853 and Halifax Equitable Building Society to become the Halifax Building Society. The actual merger was completed on 31st January 1928.

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder

Halifax & District Power Loom Overlookers' SocietyRef 31-2456
Recorded in 1865

Halifax & District Property Owners' AssociationRef 31-2724
Recorded in 1917 at Crown Street Chambers, Halifax when Arthur Holden was secretary

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax & District Schools' Athletic AssociationRef 31-38

Officers of the Association have included

Halifax & District Tramways CompanyRef 31-2380
Public transport company established in 1882. The company proposed cable-hauled trams – much like those in San Francisco – for Halifax. The estimated cost proved too great for the Corporation

Halifax & District Warpdressers' AssociationRef 31-2444
Recorded in 1888

The Halifax & Huddersfield ExpressRef 31-1940
Weekly newspaper first published on 12th February 1831. It was a Liberal newspaper.

It was published on Wednesdays by the proprietors Gawthorpe & Kitchen.

When they retired, the newspaper was bought by Henry Martin.

In 1838, the title was changed to Halifax Express with the subtitle Huddersfield, Bradford & Wakefield Journal. It ceased publication in 1841

This & associated entries use material contributed by John Needham

The Halifax & Huddersfield PunchRef 31-2736
Magazine first published in 1878

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax & Huddersfield Speakers ClubRef 31-2211

Halifax & Huddersfield Union Banking Company LimitedRef 31-H180
Dates from 1st July 1836 when the private banks of J. W. & C. Rawson & Company of Halifax and J. W. & C. Rawson & Company of Huddersfield merged See Anthony Bancroft, James Bancroft, Henry Lees Edwards, Holden forgery gang and John Holdsworth

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax & Hull Direct Railway CompanyRef 31-2974
In October 1845, the company announced proposals for a railway line passing Hull, Goole, Grimsby, Methley, Halifax via Hipperholme, Lightcliffe, and Cleckheaton with branches to Wakefield.

See Huddersfield & Liverpool Direct Railway Company

Halifax & Ovenden Junction Railway CompanyRef 31-2509
On 6th April 1864, a bill was passed for a railway line of between 2 and 3 miles from a double junction with the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway to the joint passenger station of that and other railway companies at Halifax to Netherton Mill

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Howes, Alan Longbottom & Stephen Prior

Halifax and UsRef 31-49
A website which presents some aspects of social history within the Parish of Halifax – researched by Ron & Moyra Holgate.

Particularly interesting are details of Burials at

Halifax Anti Corn Laws AssociationRef 31-2447
Recorded in 1839-1846. See Anti-Corn Law League

Halifax Anti-Slavery PetitionRef 31-3107
In February 1826, petitions against slavery in the West Indies were sent to Parliament with 880 signatures from Halifax, and others with 880 signatures from Elland, 840 from Sowerby, 700 from Hebden Bridge, and 368 from Todmorden

Halifax Anti-Vicar Rate AssociationRef 31-2265
An association formed in 1875 to protest against the Vicar Rate. The association bought property which had been seized for non-payment of the rate, and returned it to the owners. Together with the Anti-Vicar Rate Union, the Association fought for repeal of the 1829 Act.

See Halifax Tithe Commutation Bill [1829]

Halifax Antiquarian SocietyRef 31-H2481
Founded in 1900 by a group of local antiquarians including Samuel Henry Hamer, H. P. Kendall, John Lister, and Tom Sutcliffe.

The inaugural meeting was held at the Mechanics' Institute on 8th January 1901.

John Lister was the Society's first president.

Prior to September 1901, reports of the Society's proceedings were published in the Halifax Guardian. After that, they were printed separately.

The Society still holds regular meetings, and the Transactions are published annually

Halifax Antiques SocietyRef 31-2487

The Halifax ArmRef 31-922

Halifax Art GalleryRef 31-1842
See Art Gallery Trust

Halifax Art SocietyRef 31-2471
Formed – as the Rembrandt Society – in 1875 by Henry Raphael Oddy and his brother-in-law, R. E. Nicholson.

Other founder members were:

Past members have included:

See Art Gallery Trust

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Glover & Halifax Art Society

Halifax Art UnionRef 31-1403
Established in 1844. In 1875, some members left to form the Rembrandt Society

Halifax Arts & Crafts SocietyRef 31-2435
Recorded in 1905 & 1907, and in 1917 at 8 Carlton Street, Halifax when Fred W. Hoyle and Robert Stafford were joint secretaries.

See Graham S. Nicholas

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Arts LabRef 31-4027
It occupied 2 floors of a warehouse in the Upper George Yard, Halifax [1960s/70s]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Martin Levy

Halifax AssociationRef 31-2474
Association for teaching the blind was established in 1860

Halifax Association in Aid of the Deaf & DumbRef 31-3223
Established at premises in Horton Street, Halifax [1888] and at the Oddfellows' Hall, Halifax.

The aims were to provide instruction and to find employment for sick and needy deaf mutes

Halifax Association of Licensed VictuallersRef 31-3042
Recorded in 1839, when they held their annual meeting and had their annual dinner at the Wharf, Sowerby Bridge.

Officers of the Association have included

This & associated entries use material contributed by Stuart Wilkinson

Halifax Authors' CircleRef 31-H1920
The Foldout gives more information about the Halifax Authors' Circle and its members

This & associated entries use material contributed by John Ogden

Halifax Automobile ClubRef 31-3451
Recorded in 1934.

See Charles Woodall Nicholson

Halifax Auxiliary Bible SocietyRef 31-2766
Recorded in the 18th/19th century.

See Rev Anthony Moss and Joseph Thorp

Halifax Baby Bounty SchemeRef 31-48
At New Year 1908, as an initiative to focus on the problem of child mortality, Mayor William Wallace introduced his Infantile Mortality Fund, whereby the first 100 babies born in 1908 would receive a sovereign on reaching their first birthday.

91 babies were registered at Halifax Town Hall.

The list of children included:

  • #89 Benjamin Thomas Sutcliffe [25th January 1908-1979]
  • #98 Lilian Greenwood [b 26th January 1908]

Question: Does anyone have a list of all the babies who were registered?


On Thursday July 2nd 1908, they were gathered for a group photograph in Ackroyd Park.

81 babies survived and qualified for the prize in 1909

This & associated entries use material contributed by Angela Standbrook, Glyn Sutcliffe & Susan Wiseman

Halifax Baby WeekRef 31-3409
Started in Halifax on 30th June 1917

Halifax BankRef 31-103
Financial house established in 1800 by Benjamin Kennett of Wakefield, and two brothers from Wakefield, Francis Ingram and William Ingram. The Bank closed in 1810

Halifax BankRef 31-779
Earlier name of Old Bank, a part of the Wakefield Gate, route through Halifax

Halifax Bank of ScotlandRef 31-114
Abbr: HBoS. The manifestation of the Halifax Building Society after the £28 billion merger with the Bank of Scotland on 4th May 2001. With the merger, the headquarters of the company moved to Edinburgh.

In September 2008, the business was taken over by Lloyds Bank to become a part of Lloyds Banking Group.

Trading of HBoS shares ended on 16th January 2009

Halifax bathsRef 31-2190
The main public swimming baths were those at Woodside and Park Road.

In the 19th century, Jonas Dearnley Taylor was a leading campaigner for public baths in Halifax.

In 1928, Halifax council considered building new baths at Bull Green.

In 1933, Halifax Corporation Water Works considered the idea of building baths at Cross Field,

In 1935, Halifax council approved plans for open air baths at Manor Heath, but abandoned these in favour of a proposal which became Clare Hall Baths

Halifax Baths & Pleasure GroundsRef 31-2188
This Is A Test

Halifax Benevolent Union SocietyRef 31-2486
A friendly society established in 1773.

See Mytholmroyd Benevolent Union Society

Halifax Bill Posting Company LimitedRef 31-2608
Recorded in 1905, when they were at 13 Roebuck Yard, Halifax and William Robinson was Manager

Halifax Birdwatchers' ClubRef 31-H2223
Please contact the Club if you have any information on the endangered species of birds mentioned in the Species Audit for Calderdale at the link below

More information: Contact: Nick Carter / Email:

Halifax BishopricRef 31-1909
In May 1877, Sir Henry Edwards presided at a meeting to consider a Government Bill which proposed the creation of a new Diocese at Halifax or Wakefield, in order to serve the increasing population in the district. It came to naught, and the Diocese of Wakefield was created in 1888

Halifax Blue SoxRef 31-1997
The name of the Halifax Rugby League Football Club was changed to this at the start of 1996.

Halifax Board of GuardiansRef 31-H228
The first Board of Guardians for the Halifax Poor Law Union was elected in 1838, following the Poor Law Amendment Act [1834]

See Halifax Union Workhouse, Relieving Officer and Joseph Shaw

Halifax Board of HealthRef 31-19
Established in 18??.

See Hugh Alexander Cookson and Halifax Corporation Health Department

Halifax Bonding WarehouseRef 31-1864
The Inland Bonding Warehouse stands in Gibbet Street between Hall Street and Stead Street.

It opened in 1862.

On 28th January 1867,

strong winds demolished a new inland bonding warehouse which was being built

The new bonding warehouse opened on 25th November 1867.

On 6th August 1872, 2 men were killed and another injured when a pillar collapsed during building work at the Warehouse - see the Foldout.

The building is [2010] used by an electrical wholesaler.

See John Hope Richardson

Halifax Book ClubRef 31-691
Established in 1???

Closed in the late 18th century

Halifax Boot & Shoe Trades AssociationRef 31-54
Recorded in 1916 in an obituary for James Wadsworth

Halifax BoroughRef 31-1505
Halifax received its Charter of Incorporation was placed under the Municipal Act of 1848.

Previously, the town was under the jurisdiction of the Duke of Leeds, Lord of the Manor of Wakefield, and was governed by a bailiff.

In 1847, it was announced that the Borough was to have

In 1865, the borough was extended from 1,220 acres to 3,768 acres, to include Southowram and parts of Northowram.

In 1892, the borough was extended to include Skircoat and Ovenden.

In 1900, Southowram, Upper Warley, Copley and the rest of Northowram were included.

See Back Lane Parliament, Halifax, Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale, Halifax Centenary Schools' Pageant, Halifax Coat of Arms and The Halifax Seal

Halifax Borough Electric Light WorksRef 31-18
Built before 1898. The architect was William Henry Dodgson Horsfall.

In 1898, The Halifax Courier & Guardian Almanack [1898] reported that the works

have given universal satisfaction

This & associated entries use material contributed by Anne Kirker

Halifax Borough HospitalRef 31-3055

Halifax Borough MarketRef 31-H119
Covered market hall designed by John & Joseph Leeming and opened on 25th July 1896

See Markets, Greyhound, Halifax and Halifax Market

This & associated entries use material contributed by John Walker

Halifax Borough Police CourtRef 31-1919
Opened in October 1900 next to the Police Station, Harrison Road

Halifax Bottling CompanyRef 31-4
Ale & porter bottlers at Museum Stores, Harrison Road, Halifax. The owner was John Holroyd Waterhouse

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ian Lister

Halifax BowlRef 31-H1907
Broad Street/Orange Street, Halifax. The purpose-built 28-lane bowling alley was opened by Coronation Street actress Pat Phoenix on 6th February 1964.

The town council – with a rare display of taste – objected to the permanent erection of a 14-ft bowling pin on the roof of the building, and a campaign for the pin's retention ensued; the pin stayed for 6 months.

The bowling enterprise closed in November 1969.

In 1970, the Presto supermarket took over the building until 1986 when a plan to reinstate the bowling alley failed.

It was [2003] a Netto supermarket.

It was demolished when the Broad Street Development took place

Halifax Bowling ClubRef 31-3400
Thrum Hall Lane.

Recorded on 3rd April 1909, when a new pavilion was opened.

See Halifax Bowling Club Memorial and Fred Stansfield

Halifax Boxing ClubRef 31-3028

Halifax Boys' & Girls' CampRef 31-1868
Recorded in 1893

Halifax Boys' Camp, FileyRef 31-1713
An initiative by J. H. Whitley for the young people of Halifax

Halifax, Bradford & Keighley Insurance CompanyRef 31-2511
Aka Halifax, Bradford & Keighley Fire & Life Insurance Company. Established [12th January 1846] by a group including Edmund Minson Wavell and Johnson Atkinson Busfeild.

One object of the business was to reduce the premiums charged upon worsted.

In 1846, many local people were officers of the Company, including

Recorded in 1850 at Waterhouse Street, Halifax when Mr F. C. Spenser was Secretary.

It was defunct by 1853.

The Leeds Mercury [17th December 1853] reported that

The nature of the property which this company was designed to insure was regarded as so safe, so little liable to fire, that the insurance of it, even at exceedingly low rates, would be a sure investment; and the proceeds would remain in the locality. The experience of the office, however, has cast all these speculations to the winds. Loss after loss, disaster after disaster, has fallen upon the company

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch & Alan Longbottom

The Halifax BranchRef 31-1989

Halifax Brass Works BandRef 31-6

Halifax Brewing CompanyRef 31-2371

See Abbey Inn, Luddenden, Manchester House Inn, Briggate, Brighouse and Rose & Crown, Ripponden

Halifax Brick & Tile CompanyRef 31-2733
See George Watkinson

Halifax Brick Company LimitedRef 31-2515
Originally the Charlestown Brick & Tile Company Limited.

Recorded in 1894

Halifax BrookRef 31-2027
Name given to the Hebble along part of its length

Halifax Brotherhood Co-operative SocietyRef 31-2615
Recorded in 1905, when their registered office was at 8 St James's Street, Halifax and Richard Stott was Secretary

Halifax Building & Quarrying Company LimitedRef 31-2677
Quarry owners recorded in 1874 at Hipperholme and Northowram

Halifax Building SocietyRef 31-H378

On 22nd September 1927, it was announced that Halifax Permanent Building Society of 1853, Halifax Permanent Building Society of 1900 and Halifax Equitable Building Society would merge to become the Halifax Building Society. The actual merger was completed on 31st January 1928.

In 1997, the organisation became a bank, Halifax PLC.

In 2001, it merged with the Bank of Scotland to become HBoS.

See Copley Data Centre, Halifax Building Society Memorial, Halifax Building Society Offices and Round the Table

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder

Halifax Building Society OfficesRef 31-H1892
There are 2 main building in Halifax associated with the Halifax Building Society and its later manifestations, The Halifax and HBOS. These are

  1. the former Head Office on Commercial Street, Halifax. This is now just a Branch Office
  2. the newer Head Office at Trinity Road, Halifax

Halifax Building Trades Exchange Company LimitedRef 31-243
Established as a meeting point by local architects and builders in 1898. Halifax was the first town in Britain to have such an institution. They had premises in Town Hall Street East, and later next to the Friends' Meeting House in Clare Road. In 1905, their registered office was at 8 Barum Top, Halifax.

See Building Trades Exchange, Grand Junction Inn, Halifax and Joseph Shedeur Hartley

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Bus DepotRef 31-12
Halifax Corporation Passenger Transport bus garages, workshops and office on Huddersfield Road, Halifax

See Elmwood Bus Depot

Halifax Bus StationRef 31-H1833

This & associated entries use material contributed by Anthony Buckless & John Stringer

Halifax Bus Station: CrossfieldsRef 31-3869
The Halifax bus station opened at Cross Fields in August 1954; this closed in October 1993.

The bus station comprised five loading platforms: A to E.

  • Platform A being nearest the Broad Street side, E nearest the Great Albion Street side
  • Platforms A to D had six stands each, E had five
  • Platforms A, B and C were used by Halifax Corporation and Joint Committee services
  • Platform D was used by Yorkshire Woollen District services
  • Platform E was used by Hebble Motor Services

A parking area for out of service buses was later provided on the opposite side of Great Albion Street, at the bottom, opposite The Odeon, after demolition of some old buildings.

When the Alhambra was demolished in 1963, a new parking ground was created on the site replacing the earlier one, which was then used in the construction of Albion Court flats.

There was insufficient room at Crossfield for coach services, and Harrison Road, in front of the Police Station was always the traditional departure point. At Wakes fortnight, when there were dozens of coaches operating, they often occupied all the surrounding streets also. Harrison Road was on the opposite side of the town from Crossfield Bus Station, and it was a long and difficult trek for luggage-laden holidaymakers needing to transfer from bus to coach.

Towards the end of its existence, many services were taken out of the Bus Station and terminated in the town centre streets again

Crossfield House was built on the Crossfield site [around 1995]

Halifax Business ExchangeRef 31-3741
Recorded in 1936 Southgate Chambers, Halifax

Halifax Butchers & Assistants Sick & Benevolent SocietyRef 31-32

See Halifax Butchers' Association

Halifax Butchers' AssociationRef 31-2902

Officers of the Association have included

See Halifax Butchers' Roll of Honour

Halifax Butchers' Sick & Benevolent ClubRef 31-61
A friendly society recorded around 1915, when Willie Lightowler was a member

Halifax BypassRef 31-1265
See Burdock Way

Halifax Cabinet Manufacturers LimitedRef 31-2502

Halifax Camera ClubRef 31-2419
An offshoot of the Halifax Photographic Society established in 1891. In 1905, it was at Exchange Chambers, Halifax.

See Jonathan Ingham Learoyd

Halifax Canine SocietyRef 31-3863
They had their headquarters at the Saddle, Halifax

Halifax Canoe ClubRef 31-1995

Halifax Carters' AssociationRef 31-3054
See Halifax & District Carters' & Motormen's Association and Halifax & District Carters', Draymen's & Horsemen's Association

Halifax Catenian CircleRef 31-2769
Catholic social group [2008]

Halifax Catholic AssociationRef 31-2717
Recorded in 1917 at 9 Haley Hill, Halifax when John Mulholland was secretary

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Catholic Registration SocietyRef 31-2437
Founded in 1875 by John Lister to ensure that all eligible Catholics had their names on the electoral roll

Halifax CenotaphRef 31-1901

Halifax Centenary Schools' PageantRef 31-1062
Held at the Grand Theatre, Halifax on 11th-13th March 1948 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the incorporation of the Borough of Halifax.

The pageant presented 10 scenes recounting events in the history of Halifax, including the Civil War and John Wesley

Halifax Central BandRef 31-7

Halifax Central HallRef 31-1828
Union Street.

Originally the old County Court, this was converted into the Central Hall by Thomas Smith Scarborough.

Owners and tenants of the Hall have included

It was demolished with the nearby Lower Market when the area was redeveloped

Halifax Central LibraryRef 31-H654

Halifax Central Library, Square RoadRef 31-51
In October 2011, Calderdale Council's Cabinet voted to recommend that Northgate House and the Central Library and archive be disposed of and a new library and archive be built on a site near Square Spire. The Council facilities from Northgate House are to be rehoused in existing Council properties.

Work on the new Library began in 2015

Halifax Central Reference LibraryRef 31-H1848

Halifax Central Window Cleaning CompanyRef 31-3013
Recorded in 1905 at Wesley Court, Halifax when the manager was T. Meadowcroft

Halifax Certified InstitutionRef 31-2906
See Craigie Lea Certified Institution

Halifax Chamber ChoirRef 31-3608
In 1989, the Halifax Madrigal Society became the Halifax Chamber Choir

Halifax Chamber Music SocietyRef 31-1891
See Sir George Dyson

Halifax Chamber of CommerceRef 31-1831
Established in 1862.

Officers of the Chamber of Commerce have included

It made history in February 1965 when Mrs E. M. Horsley was elected its first female president.

See Chamber of Commerce, Mr Hal E. Fax, Croftmyl, Barbara Wadsworth and Wakes

Halifax Chamber of TradeRef 31-1871
Founded in 1903.

See Joshua Hoyle and Denton Walker

Halifax Charity Cup CommitteeRef 31-71
Recorded in 1936, when William Hitchen was president

Halifax Charity GalaRef 31-1483
An annual procession of floats through Halifax to Manor Heath. The event began in 1956.

See Maurice Jagger

Halifax Charity Organisation SocietyRef 31-36

Recorded in 1887, when their 8th Annual meeting was held at Halifax Town Hall.

Officers of the Society have included

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax Chartist AssociationRef 31-2878
Recorded in the 19th century, when those attending meetings included Christopher Shackleton of Queenshead and John Culpan [1886].

The group was strongly supportive of Chartist Ernest Jones

Halifax Chess ClubRef 31-2420
Established in 1840 / 1847.

In 1853, the celebrated German chess master Daniel Harrwitz, who was on a visit to Halifax, was present at their 13th anniversary meeting at the Royal Hotel, Halifax.

Francis Alexander Leyland was Honorary Secretary [1853]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax Child Study AssociationRef 31-2237
See Walter de la Mare

Halifax Child Welfare ClinicRef 31-1560
Established at the Sunday School of Range Bank Congregational Church to provide care for children in the Boothtown / Claremount / Charlestown areas of the town

Halifax Children's Holiday Home, NorlandRef 31-1708

Halifax Children's Welfare LeagueRef 31-273
Organisation formed in 1911 to enable poor children to spend a week or a fortnight at holiday homes. Originally, the Children's Welfare League rented farmhouses, such as Stones Farm, Triangle, Thunderton Farm, Sowerby, and Longley Farm, Norland.

In 1935, fund-raising appeal raised £3,500 and land was purchased at Norland and work began on a specially-built holiday home, Norland Holiday Home. John Henry Jagger was Treasurer of the League

Halifax Choir FestivalRef 31-1878
Held at Stannary Congregational Church

Halifax Choral SocietyRef 31-1906
In 1839, the Halifax Quarterly Choral Society became the Halifax Choral Society.

The Halifax Choral Society is the oldest choral society in the world with an unbroken performance record.

Meetings and rehearsals were held at the Talbot Inn, Halifax, the Ovenden Cross Inn, the Broad Tree Inn, and the Union Cross Inn.

A meeting recorded at the Ovenden Cross Inn, under the management of George Moss, Henry Emmet, John Watkinson, Henry Watkinson, and the Hartley family may be that of the Ovenden Choral Society.

Concerts were held at several venues, including Halifax Drill Hall.

Bankfield Museum has a painting [dated 1836] by George Kershaw depicting 7 musicians of the Society at Savile Green.

In 1842, Felix Mendelssohn composed a setting of the 114th Psalm for the Society who sang it at the Parish Church.

On 26th December 1843, and 31st December 1851, Mrs Sunderland appeared in their concert at the Oddfellows' Hall, Halifax.

On 1st June 1860, they and Mrs Sunderland appeared at Buckingham Palace in a Command Performance before Queen Victoria. The following day, they appeared at the Crystal Palace, London.

Mrs Sunderland sang at almost every concert given by the Society in the period 1839-1863.

In 1917, they were at 17 Crossley Street, Halifax and Frederick Harold Bentley was secretary.

On 19th December 1935, the BBC broadcast a performance of Handel's Messiah by the Society.

Members of the Society have included

See Friends of Halifax Choral Society and Judas Maccabaeus

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Glover & Alan Longbottom

Halifax Chrysanthemum SocietyRef 31-2470
Established in 1899

Halifax Church ChoirRef 31-4008
The Choir of Halifax Parish Church. Thomas Farrar painted the choir rehearsing at The Ring o' Bells which is said to feature Henry Bates

Halifax Church InstituteRef 31-1866
Library founded on 8th January 1858.

In 1865, officers of the Institute included

Halifax Church Lads' BrigadeRef 31-35
A group associated with Halifax Parish Church.

See Halifax Church Lads' Brigade Memorial

Halifax ChurchwardensRef 31-26
People who held the Office included

See Churchwarden

Halifax Ciné ClubRef 31-2229
Recorded in 1929.

The Club produced several local films including

  • This town of ours which recorded contemporary Halifax [1972]
  • Saturday Morning Out in Halifax: 1951-1965:
  • New Horizons: 1952:
  • The Opening of the Serbian Orthodox Church: 1954:
  • A film made by Ernest Hardy about the production of the Halifax Courier – title not known

    Question: Can anyone tell me anything about the film?


See Yorkshire Film Archive

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Greaves

Halifax CircuitRef 31-1094
A new Methodist circuit was established in 1785. A new Wesleyan district was established in 1791

Halifax CircularRef 31-1148
On the 30th March 1791, a group of 9 Methodists sent out the Halifax Circular suggesting that the choice of president and other matters must come before the conference. William Thompson was a signatory

Halifax Circulating LibraryRef 31-801
Founded in 1768 in the yard of the Old Cock Inn.

Those involved in establishing the Library included

In 1769, it was at Upper George Yard. It was open on Tuesdays and Thursdays [10:00 am to 1:00 pm] and on Saturdays [1:00 pm to 5:00 pm].

It closed in 1866.

See Nathaniel Binns and Old Cock Library, Halifax

Halifax Circulation LibraryRef 31-1863
Aka Circulating Library. In 1768, the library was founded at the Old Cock Yard. The library was relocated several times: to rooms near the Theatre Royal in 1818, and then to the New Assembly Rooms. In 1836, the library had a collection of 7000 books. The library merged with that of the Literary & Philosophical Society in 1866

Halifax Citizens GuildRef 31-1752
A philanthropic group established in 1905 to provided free school meals to children during the economic depression caused by the winters of 1905 and 1908

Halifax Citizens' Guild of HelpRef 31-3375
The inauguration of the Guild was recorded on 12th December 1905

Halifax Civic TrustRef 31-H1880
A group of volunteers established in 1962 to improve, promote and protect facilities in Halifax. Sir Ernest Hall is president of the Trust.

See Beacon Hill

Halifax Clarion Cycling ClubRef 31-2017
A branch of the Clarion Movement established in 1894.

By 1895, there were 192 members and an orchestra.

See Halifax Cycling Club

Halifax clothRef 31-3004
The major produce of the district in pre-industrial times was the coarse woollen kersey. This was often of poor quality as a consequence of the raw materials – until the longer staple was used – but also as a result of poor workmanship, overstretching on the tenter, and outright fraud

Halifax Cloth HallRef 31-975
See Blackwell Hall, Cloth Hall and Piece Hall

The Halifax ClubRef 31-2413
Recorded in 1868.

Recorded in 1885, when William Cronhelm died here.

In 1905, it was at Fountain Street / Powell Street, when the secretary was Robert Highley and the manager was George Ball.

In 1917, Charles S. Walker was secretary and Charles Exley was steward

This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles & Alan Longbottom

Halifax ClubRef 31-3819
Harrison Road. A gentlemen's club which evolved from the St James's Club which had opened in 1882.

In 1973, it merged with the Borough Club to become the Halifax & Borough Club.

See Cyril Bottomley and Thomas Shaw

Halifax Club Rooms Company LimitedRef 31-2560
Recorded in 1905, when their offices were at 22 George Street, Halifax

Halifax Coal CompanyRef 31-2518
Stone quarrying company at Sunny Bank [1800]

Halifax Coal Society LimitedRef 31-2603
Recorded in 1905 at 10 Parkinson Lane, Halifax and North Bridge Station

Halifax Coat of ArmsRef 31-H1894
Francis Alexander Leyland designed the first arms for the town. These can be seen on the façade of the Halifax Borough Market.

The Royal College of Heralds protested that these were unauthorised arms and had no official recognition.

The present Halifax arms were designed for the centenary of the Borough by Rowland Bretton and approved in September 1947 and include:

  • The Warren coat of arms
  • The head of St John the Baptist issuant from a Saxon crown. The Saxon crown represents Edward the Confessor who held the manor before the Norman Conquest
  • The paschal-lamb – the emblem of St John – on a green field. The green field represents the hills around the town

The whole is supported by two British lions holding in their interior forepaws the white roses of the house of York. With the motto:

Except the Lord keep the city

The closed steel helmet is used by all permitted corporations, and the mantling is of gold and blue

See Halifax name and The Halifax Seal

This & associated entries use material contributed by Darrell Prest

Halifax Cocoa House CompanyRef 31-2512
Aka Halifax Cocoa House & Refreshment Company. The company sold cocoa, tea and non-alcoholic refreshments, and provided a temperate alternative to beer and ale. Food was also served. They were also social venues offering lectures, and games such as chess, draughts and dominoes.

From around 1877, the company had several premises in Halifax, including Haley Hill and Winding Road.

Others followed at Railway Cocoa House, Church Street, Victoria Cocoa House, Gibbet Street, Borough Cocoa House, King Cross Street, Central Cocoa House, Union Street, Lee House Cocoa Tavern, Lee Bridge Cocoa Tavern, North Bridge Restaurant, Halifax, Railway Coffee Tavern, Halifax, and Sowerby Bridge.

Their offices were at 19 George Street, Halifax. Directors included Richard Horsfall, John Lister, Edward Mortimer and James Turner Riley.

The business closed in 1913 and all the establishments were sold.

See Cocoa houses, British Workman House, Halifax and The Victoria Restaurant & Dining Rooms

The Halifax CometRef 31-1943
Newspaper. First published on 3rd January 1893. The newspaper evolved from earlier publications – The Ha'porth and the Halifax Local Opinion. It was published by Joe Turner Spencer. It was printed by J. H. White. From 1895, it was printed by G. T. Whitehead.

It has been likened to the modern Private Eye magazine.

It ceased publication on 20th August 1904

Halifax Commercial Banking Company, BrighouseRef 31-H3615
The offices in Thornton Square were built in 1875 on the site of the Old Mansion House.

This was the first bank in Brighouse and the first branch of the Halifax Commercial Banking Company.

In 1887, Brighouse Town Hall was built next door.

It was subsequently a branch of Martins Bank and Barclays Bank

Managers at the Branch included

  • G. P. Sowden [1887]
  • Charles Fowler [1897]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax Commercial Banking Company, Halifax BranchRef 31-28
Recorded in 1851, when the Bank was at 1 Silver Street, Halifax and Frederick Hardcastle was there.

In 1880, the Halifax branch of the Halifax Commercial Banking Company moved to the Hall End / Silver Street building which was subsequently occupied by the Lloyds Bank.

Officers of the Bank have included John Graham Wheelwright – General Manager [1887, 1897].

This is discussed in the book the collection of Prints by J. R. Smith

Halifax Commercial Banking Company LimitedRef 31-H37

See Halifax Mechanics' Institution Penny Savings Bank, Frederick Hardcastle, T. H. Morris, William Morris, Old Mansion House, Robert Swaine and John Graham Wheelwright

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Commercial Banking Company, TodmordenRef 31-29
An agency for the Halifax Commercial Banking Company opened at 6 New Road, Todmorden [1872]

It became a branch [1914]

It moved to Royd House, Burnley Road [1921]

It closed [1993]

The Halifax Commercial ChronicleRef 31-1952
Aka The Halifax Commercial Chronicle, and Yorkshire and Lancashire Advertiser. Weekly newspaper. First published on 4th July 1829 by Nathan Whitley. It was a 4-page publication [2 ft by 18 inches] and cost 7d.

After 79 editions, it ceased publication on 24th December 1830

Halifax Competitive Music FestivalRef 31-30
James William Bulmer was President

Halifax Competitive Musical FestivalRef 31-1464
Recorded in 1922.

See Halifax Music Festival and Halifax Musical Festival

Halifax Concert Hall & Public Rooms Company LimitedRef 31-2524
Recorded between 1895 and 1949. In 1905, W. H. Mitchell was secretary and their registered office was at 8 Ward's End.

Director of the Company have included John Herbert Lacy Baldwin and Henry Clifford Smith [1949].

See Victoria Theatre

Halifax Concert SocietyRef 31-1933

Halifax Conservative AssociationRef 31-2482
Sir Enoch Hill was Chairman [1922-1929].

On 26th June 1930, new Conservative headquarters opened in Prescott Street, Halifax.

It was listed as the Halifax Conservative & Unionist Association [1936]

See Halifax Junior Conservative Association

Halifax Conservative UnionRef 31-2559
15 George Street, Halifax.

Recorded in 1905, when James Tattersall was secretary and agent.

Recorded in 1917, when Robert Whitworth was president, and J. Wilkinson was acting agent

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax constablesRef 31-H2867
The Foldout lists some of the people who have served as Police Officers in Halifax

Halifax Constitutional ClubRef 31-H2418
Queens Road / King Cross. Aka King Cross Constitutional Club, Kingston Liberal Club, and Queens Hall Constitutional Club.

The corner-stone was laid by Henry Charles McCrea on 17th August 1889.

It was built at a cost of £3,000 and was opened on 6th November 1890 by the Right Hon. G. J. Goschen MP.

In 1917, John Smith was secretary and Lewis Parkin was steward.

On 22nd February 1921, the Club opened at Highfield House.

On 3rd February 1931, there was a police action against the Halifax Borough Club and the King Cross Constitutional Club for the unlawful consumption of liquor.

Members and Officers of the Club have included

See Victoria Constitutional Club

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Convivial SocietyRef 31-2433
Recorded in 1825

Halifax Co-operative SocietyRef 31-2484
In 1941, the Halifax Industrial Society became the Halifax Co-operative Society.

They had stables for around 30 delivery horses in Portland Street, Halifax and a warehouse on Weymouth Street, Halifax.

In 1949, the Society opened the town's first self-service store, at King Cross.

In 1951, the organisation moved into the Arcade Royale which had been purchased by the Co-op in 1949.

In November 1962, the Broadway Supermarket opened on Waterhouse Street, and closed in 1972.

In 1963, the Society joined up with the national Co-operative Retail Services Limited.

In 1970, it left its Northgate headquarters and concentrated its town centre activities on the Arcade Royale.

See Halifax Co-operative Society Library

Halifax Co-operative Society LibraryRef 31-805
Began in 1873. It was sold to Halifax Corporation in 1881

Halifax Co-operative Trading SocietyRef 31-2767
Established in 1849 by a group which included John Culpan, Joseph Foreman, J. D. Taylor and Benjamin Wilson.

Their first meeting was on 15th January 1849 at the Oddfellows' Hall but they moved to a temperance hotel behind The Sportsman, Halifax, and then to Nicholl's Temperance Hotel.

They paid no bonus, but added any profits to the capital.

They began by buying and selling soap and sugar.

It closed after 5 months.

The Halifax Working Men's Co-operative & Provident Society was formed shortly afterwards

Halifax Corinthians AFCRef 31-47
Football club.

Recorded in the 1940s

Halifax CorporationRef 31-3068
See Halifax Borough

Halifax Corporation BandRef 31-8

Halifax Corporation Cleansing DepartmentRef 31-1
The offices & garages were at Hall Street, Halifax, the former Hall Street Livery Stables, Halifax.

Around 1963, they moved to join the Halifax Corporation Transport Department at Stoney Royd.

See Thomas Tyson

Halifax Corporation Goux YardRef 31-66
The Goux Yard stood on the east side of the Calder & Hebble Navigation at Caddy Field [1908].

The Halifax Corporation Transport Department stood on the site of the Yard [1950s].

The Halifax Corporation Cleansing Department moved here [1963]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Phillip Whitaker

Halifax Corporation Health DepartmentRef 31-45

See Boulevard Health Centre, Halifax, Halifax Board of Health and Queens Road Health Centre, Halifax

Halifax Corporation Highways DepartmentRef 31-46

Halifax Corporation Passenger TransportRef 31-H950
Abbr: HCPT.

The orange, green and cream livery of the buses was copied from that of Glasgow.

See Elmwood Bus Garage, Halifax, Halifax Corporation Transport, Halifax Joint Omnibus Committee, Halifax Passenger Transport, Geoffrey Hilditch and Skircoat Road, Halifax

This & associated entries use material contributed by John Turnbull

Halifax Corporation SanatoriumRef 31-3041

Halifax Corporation Sewage DepartmentRef 31-42
See Salterhebble Sewage Works and Sewage works

Halifax Corporation Tramways Act [1897]Ref 31-3064
Following the Act, Halifax Corporation electric trams began on 9th June 1898

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Greaves

Halifax Corporation Tramways ClubRef 31-2710
Recorded in 1917 at Town Hall Street East when Ernest Moore was secretary.

On 14th May 1918, the Roll of Honour was unveiled at the Club

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Corporation Tramways DepartmentRef 31-3372
See G. F. Craven, Halifax & District Tramways Company, Halifax Corporation Tramways Act [1897], Halifax Corporation Tramways Club, Halifax Tramways Depot and Halifax Corporation Tramways

Halifax Corporation Transport DepartmentRef 31-67
The Department controlled Council Vehicles, including refuse collection wagons, & street cleaning vehicles.

They were located on the site of the Goux Yard at Caddy Field

Halifax Corporation vs BarracloughRef 31-3537
On 22nd April 1856, Thomas Barraclough [gentleman], Richard Horsfall, and John Calcroft [mason], were charged with having connected certain private drains with a public sewer without permission. The Town Clerk, Edmund Minson Wavell, prosecuted.

The defendants were discharged on the undertaking not to repeat the offence and to pay the costs

Halifax Corporation WaterworksRef 31-1903
Abbr: HCWW. Recorded in 1851.

The abbreviation can still be seen on grates in the streets of the district.

See Brighouse Waterworks, Castle Carr fountains, Luddenden Dean, Hanson Lane Football Ground, Halifax, Richard James Hartley and James A. Paskin

Halifax Cotton Manufacturing Company LimitedRef 31-2525
Recorded in 1861

Halifax Council folliesRef 31-1835

Halifax Council of Social WelfareRef 31-2907
See Ann Holt's Trust Fund

Halifax CouncillorsRef 31-3996

Halifax County CourtRef 31-1237
Opened on 31st March 1847.

1867 saw the end of the Manor Courts which the new County Court system had replaced.

People who served here included

See County Court, Prescott Street and West Riding Magistrates' Office

The Halifax CourierRef 31-1941
Published on Saturdays. First issued on 8th January 1853.

Founders included

Financial supporters were local Liberals including

The Offices were at

Editors of the Halifax Courier have included

The proprietors were Birtwhistle & Hutchinson [1874] and Hutchinson-Low & Ramsden [1894].

In 1900, it cost 1d.

In May 1921, the Halifax Courier and Halifax Guardian merged to publish the daily and weekly Halifax Courier & Guardian.

The current [2006] manifestation of the paper is known as The Halifax Courier.

It changed from broadsheet to tabloid format in 2007.

In April 2012, there were proposals to move the major thrust of the publication to the Internet

(hopefully with the grammar, spelling and punctuation better than the present online standard)  and with only a single weekly printed edition from the beginning of June 2012.

See John Crossley, Halifax Courier employees who served in War, Halifax Evening Courier, Halifax Today, Francis King, Local Newspapers & Events Index [1830s-1950s], Halstead Nunn, Gordon Sampson, Wendy Hut and Edward Wood

The Halifax Courier & GuardianRef 31-1967
In May 1921, the Halifax Courier and Halifax Guardian merged to publish the daily and weekly papers – the Halifax Daily Courier & Guardian, and the Halifax Weekly Courier & Guardian.

There was a printers' strike on 11th August 1922. The dispute lasted a week but the newspaper continued publication.

During a printing dispute in July 1959, in common with many other papers at the time, the newspaper appeared as a free, daily, foolscap edition of 6000 copies. An example of these can be seen in the attached Photograph.

The weekly edition ceased publication in 1967.

It became the Evening Courier.

Until 26th March 2007, when it changed to tabloid format, it was only one of 2 remaining broadsheet evening papers in the UK.

See Bairns' Fund and Green Final

The Halifax Courier & Guardian: Historical AlmanackRef 31-3032

Halifax Courier BuildingRef 31-1837
The publishing and printing were carried out in purpose-built premises at 9 King Cross Street.

Designed by Jackson & Fox.

Opened on 20th March 1916.

The offices were extended by acquisition of neighbouring properties on Regent Street. Houses at 1 and 3 Regent Street, and a warehouse at the end of Regent Place were demolished

In 1977, the Courier occupied the whole of Regent Street when the new extension and the Printing Hall were built.

The Printing Hall stands at the junction with Bull Close Lane.

The staff moved to Dean Clough [2015] and the King Cross Street office is now longer used.

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch & Edward Riley

The Halifax Courier War & Prisoners Comfort FundRef 31-521
World War I charity organised by the Halifax Courier. W. E. Denison was manager of the Fund.

See A Spring-Time Saunter

Halifax Court of RequestsRef 31-23
The Court of Requests for Halifax (and other parishes in the West Riding) was established in the 14th century to hear cases brought by the poor.

Recorded in 1828, when William Priestley was Treasurer, and Commissioners included

The Court was abolished in 1846.

See Halifax Debtors' Gaol

Halifax Covered MarketRef 31-1268
Aka Lower Market

Halifax Crescent ClubRef 31-3951
Junior rugby union [?] club. Recorded in April 1899

Halifax Cricket & Football ClubRef 31-2002
Held evening floodlit matches at their Hanson Lane grounds in November 1878.

On 5th January 1903, they launched an appeal to reduce the mortgage debt of £8,000.

On 25th May 1905, the members rejected a proposal to sell land on the Thrum Hall estate.

William Glossop was President of Club [1908].

On 19th December 1916, they decided to sell the cricket pitch at Thrum Hall.

See Rev C. S. Quainton, William Henry Wayman and World's Fair Exhibition [1900]

Halifax Cricket AssociationRef 31-3
Closed in 2005

Halifax Cricket LeagueRef 31-62
In 1926, the Halifax Parish Cricket League became the Halifax Cricket League

See 100 Years of Hilltop & Valley-Bottom Cricket

This & associated entries use material contributed by Paul Whiteley

Halifax CrossRef 31-1836
The market cross stood in Old Market.

The Crosse Inn was nearby

Halifax-cum-Heptonstall, Manor ofRef 31-111
The manor was granted to William de Warenne by Henry I in 1106, then to Lewes Priory until the Dissolution.

After the Dissolution, this rectory manor became a sub-manor of the Manor of Wakefield.

Owners and tenants have included

See Manor of Halifax

Halifax CupRef 31-2008
See Halifax & Caldervale Agricultural, Steeplechase & Racing Company Limited

Halifax Cycling ClubRef 31-2013
Established in 1876.

See Halifax Clarion Cycling Club

The Halifax Daily CourierRef 31-1972
A daily edition of the Halifax Courier.

See Halifax Evening Courier

The Halifax Daily GuardianRef 31-1968
A daily edition of the Halifax Guardian was first published on 2nd January 1906.

On 15th October 1917, the price increased from a ½d to 1d

Halifax Daily Telegraph OfficeRef 31-73
The Bradford Daily Telegraph [Tuesday 4th December 1877] advertised

36, Gibbet Street, Halifax.
Opposite the Customs House


This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles

Halifax Dairies LimitedRef 31-1889
Queens Road, Halifax. Recorded in 1937.

In 1959, it was taken over by Associated Dairies, the firm which became Asda. The bottling plant employed 100 people and produced 14,000 gallons a day.

In 1969, Associated Dairies, announced that it would be closing the bottling plant. The site was used as a distribution depot

Halifax Darts LeagueRef 31-72
Founded in 18?? by Edward Gledhill.

Gledhill was the first President and presented a cup for annual competition.

The League ended around 1833

Halifax Debating ClubRef 31-2421
19th century club

The Halifax Declaration [1817]Ref 31-76
At a time when the Habeas Corpus Act had been suspended on account of a secret report to Parliament about imminent rebellion, the Leeds Intelligencer [Monday 3rd February 1817] published an article

Halifax Declaration

Halifax, January 27th 1817.

We, the undersigned Inhabitants of Halifax in the West Riding of Yorkshire, think it a duty we owe to our County and to ourselves, to declare our Abhorrence of the daring Attempts which are daily made to enflame the Minds of the Lower Orders of our Countrymen, and to make them dissatisfied with their situation. We are feelingly alive to the Distresses of our poorer Neighbours, but we conjure them to believe that a busy Interference in Politics will not produce Relief, but will render them the Tools of designing Men, who, under a Mask of Patriotism, desire Anarchy and Revolution.

We have a perfect Confidence that the Government will do all it can to relieve the Difficulties and Distresses of the Country, but we are aware that Time alone can fully accomplish this desirable Object.

We firmly determine to exert all our Energies in Opposition to the Blasphemous and Seditious Doctrines which are so generally promulgated at the Clubs and Meetings, which disgrace our Country at the Present Moment, and we as firmly determine to exert ourselves in Support of our beloved King and our admirable Constitution, which have enabled the British Empire to become the rallying Point of all Europe, and finally the Preservation of all civilised Society. Signed:

The notice was then signed by 185 people (all males).

On the same date, a similar declaration appeared from the citizens of Leeds, with hundreds of signature


Halifax Dickens & Literary SocietyRef 31-27
Recorded in 1914, when E. A. Jones was Secretary.

Recorded in September 1915, when they held a meeting at St Mary's School and Mrs George Shillito occupied the chair

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax Distress CommitteeRef 31-1435
19th century charitable organisation.

In 1906, they organised a scheme to help people to emigrate to Halifax, Nova Scotia, paying the emigrants' fare of £217 15/-

Halifax District Blind SocietyRef 31-2455
Recorded in 1910.

See Halifax Society for the Blind

Halifax District Ladies' Club LimitedRef 31-2908
Recorded in 1936 at Bull Green House

Halifax District Nursing AssociationRef 31-2249
Founded in 1911. In 1917, the Clare Road Maternity Home was opened

Halifax District of the Most Noble Order of the Knights of MaltaRef 31-3250
Halifax Friendly Society [Number 2639] recorded in 1898, when their registration was cancelled (under the Friendly Societies Act [1896]) 

Halifax Drapers & Hosiers AssociationRef 31-2810
Recorded in 1897, when they complained that their members had suffered loss and inconvenience whilst the lines for the new tramways were being laid in Halifax

Halifax DukesRef 31-H1913
The name of the Halifax speedway team. Formed in 19??.

Those who rode for the team included Eric Boocock, Kenny Carter, Jock Shead, and Dennis Gavros

Halifax Dyeing CompanyRef 31-2370
Recorded in 1921, when they were at Washer Lane, Halifax.

Absorbed by the BDA.

Closed 19??

Halifax Ear, Eye & Throat HospitalRef 31-1893
A voluntary service opened in 1886 by Dr John Oakley at his home at Holly House, Halifax. He treated in-patients, out-patients and accidents.

In 1905, F. S. Mitchell was the honorary secretary.

By 1913, the Royal Halifax Infirmary had its own eye, ear and throat department and Dr Oakley closed his hospital and gave the balance of the funds to the new Infirmary

Halifax, Earl ofRef 31-1720
The title became extinct and was re-created several times.

Halifax Early Closing AssociationRef 31-2479
See Early closing day and William Makepeace Thackeray

Halifax EditionsRef 31-2838
The term was used in 1862 in advertisements in The Times for Milner & Sowerby

Halifax Education CommitteeRef 31-3398

Halifax Electric Carpet Beating WorksRef 31-3334
Recorded in 1912 at 14a Broad Street, Halifax when W. H. Broadbent was proprietor

Halifax Electric CompanyRef 31-21

See Park Mill, Halifax

Halifax Electricity WorksRef 31-3416
On 9th August 1924, there was a fire at the Works, and the town was plunged into darkness. Cinemas and other businesses were forced to close

Halifax, Elevation ofRef 31-1859
A newspaper article of 1853 records the following:

Halifax Equitable Bank LimitedRef 31-56
An off-shoot of the Halifax Equitable Benefit Building Society, proposed by Joseph Harger Mitchell.

Branches were recorded at

Officers of the Bank have included

See Martins Bank Limited

Halifax Equitable Benefit Building SocietyRef 31-H458
See Sir Alfred Arnold, James Bowman, John Caw, Equitable Bank Limited, Halifax, John Mackintosh and Joseph Harger Mitchell

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder, Michael Krening & David Nortcliffe

Halifax Equitable Benefit Building Society, BrighouseRef 31-507
Bethel Street.

The building is now occupied by The Halifax

Halifax Equitable Benefit Building Society, EllandRef 31-3413
A daily branch opened in July 1913, when Charles Arnold Briggs was appointed manager

Halifax Equitable Benefit Building Society OfficesRef 31-1925
The headquarters of the Halifax Equitable Benefit Building Society were at the corner of Central Street and Silver Street, Halifax. The site was formerly occupied by The Globe public house.

The building has subsequently been occupied by Martins Bank, Coiners, and Silvers Bar

Halifax Equity Bank LimitedRef 31-50
Formed in November 1899. The bank opened its doors for trading 1st January 1900.

In 1913, it became the Equity Bank Limited

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder

Halifax Esperanto AssociationRef 31-53
Recorded in September 1915, when they offered Esperanto classes in the Board Room of the Victoria Hall, and officers included

  • F. Duckitt – President
  • Miss B. Slade – Secretary

The Halifax Evening CourierRef 31-2655
In 1892, Alfred Ramsden, Editor, manager and part owner of the Halifax Courier, founded the weekday evening edition, the Halifax Evening Courier.

The proprietors were Hutchinson-Low & Ramsden [1894].

See Halifax Daily Courier and Evening Courier

Halifax ExchangeRef 31-1604
In reports of the opening of the Halifax Mechanics' Institute in 1857,

the proposed Exchange

was mentioned as a group of buildings in Crossley Street, including the new Institute, the new Swan Hotel, the Halifax Joint Stock Bank, and numerous handsome shops.

At a meeting of Halifax merchants on 5th December 1863, it was decided to form an Exchange at the new Town Hall.

The forum for local businessmen – manufacturers, merchants and tradesmen – was opened

for the purposes of a trade exchange on specified terms

on 2nd January 1864 by the mayor, William Irving Holdsworth. Addresses were delivered by Edward Akroyd, Sir Francis Crossley, and John Crossley.

On the same day, 180 tradesmen were enrolled members of the Exchange, and the annual subscriptions promised amounted to £162.

An annual charge of £60 was made for the use of the telegraph room, the news room and a large hall at the Town Hall – including the cost of coal, gas and cleaning – for the Exchange

This & associated entries use material contributed by Roger Beasley

Halifax Excise OfficeRef 31-3238
Recorded in 1850 at Broad Street, Halifax when officials included

  • Thomas Williamson [Collector]
  • Joseph Parkinson [First Clerk]
  • Henry Lowndes [Second Clerk]
  • Nigel Grisley [Supervisor]
  • John Stainburn [Inland Revenue Officer]
  • William Matthews [Inland Revenue Officer]
  • Richard Isherwood [Inland Revenue Officer]

Halifax ExercisesRef 31-1107
Public religious meetings in the 16th-17th centuries, at which famous local and visiting people – including Dr John Favour, John Barlow, and Michael Briscoe - preached to the crowds. 2 sermons were preached on the last Wednesday in the month.

They were discontinued for a time and resumed about 1620

Halifax ExhibitionRef 31-2972
Recorded on 13th February 1841, when an item in The Leeds Mercury said that
We are sorry to announce, that owing to the very heavy expense in getting up and conducting the late exhibition, a loss of about £100 is likely to be sustained by the managers

See Halifax Fine Art & Industrial Exhibition

The Halifax ExpressRef 31-1971
From 1838, the Halifax & Huddersfield Express was known as the Halifax Express

Halifax Extension Bill [1934]Ref 31-1553
A proposal to include the urban districts of Luddendenfoot, Midgley, and Sowerby, and the parishes of Coley, Heptonstall, Norwood Green, and Wadsworth within the county borough of Halifax. It was rejected in 1935 after fierce opposition

Halifax Fan Manufacturing Company LimitedRef 31-2366
Manufacturers of many types of fans at Grantham Road, Halifax

Halifax Farmers' Trading Association LimitedRef 31-2723
Recorded in 1917 at 12 Wade Street, Halifax when John William Longbottom was secretary

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Fever HospitalRef 31-2545
Century Lane, Mount Tabor. Recorded in 1905

See Greetland Fever Hospital

Halifax Film ClubRef 31-2286
A private film club which presents films at the Playhouse

Halifax Fine Art & Industrial ExhibitionRef 31-1439
Recorded in 1882, 1888, 1893 & 1895.

See Thomas Fleming, Halifax Exhibition, A. B. Halliwell, Greenwood Howarth, James W. Mitchell, Smith & Booth and Stephen Hartley

This & associated entries use material contributed by John Hoskison

Halifax Fire StationRef 31-H2255
Following a fire at the works of B. G. Smith & Sons on 2nd July 1884 - one of the largest fires in the district – the decision was made to form a fire brigade in Halifax.

A fire brigade station is recorded at Albion Street / Southgate in 1887, when George B. Collins was superintendent.

The first fire station was built on the site of the former Victoria cattle market at 45 Gibbet Street [by 1901].

In 1936, they named their new 100-ft turntable ladder Miriam in honour of Mrs Miriam Lightowler.

The station was demolished in the 1960s, along with the nearby Corporation Arms, for the Burdock Way redevelopment.

On 9th July 1970, the new station at King Cross was opened by Charles Henry Lucas.

See China Street, Halifax, Jonathan Coulston and Walton Street, Halifax

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax FisheriesRef 31-1899
Originally Frank Ford Limited

Halifax Floral SocietyRef 31-2432
Established in 18??.

In 18??, the Society held a Carnation Show at the Rose & Crown Inn, Halifax at which the prize for the best bloomed carnation in each class was a copper tea kettle.

See Carnation show

Halifax Flour SocietyRef 31-2477
A society formed on 1st May 1847 to provide a co-operative corn mill following discontent against the Corn Laws, corn dealers' prices, and because much flour was adulterated. The Society sold to the public through agents

2,800 people bought £1 shares, and the Society bought a mill at Bailey Hall.

The first batch of cheap flour was sold from here in 1848.

In 1849, officers of the Society included

  • Henry Taylor [President]
  • Joseph Barraclough [Treasurer]
  • Thomas Sladdin [Manager]

When the Bailey Hall mill became too small, a new 6-storey Bailey Hall was built in 1862. This was one of the most modern grain mills at the time. It opened with a party for 1,400 people on April 7, 1863.

The Society bought more land at Bailey Hall and a new mill was opened in 1880. There was a big fire here in 1886.

The Society was sold to the Co-operative Wholesale Society, Halifax in 1915/1916.

Production then stopped at Bailey Hall and the mill was sold to Paton & Baldwin.

The Society later merged with the Sowerby Bridge Flour Society.

On 8th December 1921, the Society's cashier was attacked and robbed.

The closure of the flour mills at Bailey Hall, in the 1930s, affected the Halifax Branch canal.

See Flour, Flour Society Inn, Halifax and Mark Kendall

Halifax Flower ClubRef 31-2416

Halifax Flying ClubRef 31-3862
They had their headquarters at the Saddle, Halifax

Halifax FolliesRef 31-1902
A popular entertainment group of the early 20th century

Halifax for dashRef 31-1436
A 19th century verse reminds us of the conditions in Yorkshire:

Bradford for cash,
Halifax for dash,
Wakefield for pride and poverty,
Huddersfield's for show,
Sheffield's what's low,
Leeds for dirt and vulgarity

Halifax Foreign CircleRef 31-60
Recorded in 1910, when Wrathall Riley Hanson was a member

Halifax Free Church Girls' GuildRef 31-2605
Recorded in 1905 at 9 Regent Street, Halifax

The Halifax Free PressRef 31-1965
Newspaper first published by Henry Martin in August 1842 as a monthly and, from 10 September 1842, as a weekly newspaper.

It ceased publication in 1844

George Greenwood published a mid-weekly, halfpenny publication with the same title in the late 1880s.

A weekly newspaper with the same title was published by Richard Skues in 25 March 1890.

In 1894, it was published on Wednesdays by the Halifax & District Newspaper Company Limited.

It ceased publication in 1???

Halifax Free SchoolRef 31-1865

Halifax Free WanderersRef 31-3950
Junior rugby union [?] club. Recorded in April 1899

Halifax Friendly & Trade Societies ClubRef 31-2250
Opened at the Oddfellows' Hall, Halifax in December 1905.

In 1917, Lewis Wormald was secretary.

This and Friendly & Trades Club, Halifax may be the same place.

See Ancient Order of Foresters

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Friendly Society & General  Medical AidRef 31-2614
Recorded in 1905 at St James's Road, Halifax. George Innes was the medical officer

Halifax Fun FairRef 31-15
A modern fair with swings, roundabouts, booths and fast-food was held at Victoria Fair Ground in the 20th century

Halifax Furnishing CompanyRef 31-3081
Cabinet makers & complete house furnishers at 46 & 48 Northgate, Halifax [1900].

See West Riding Furnishing Company

This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles

Halifax GaolRef 31-1857
There have been local jails and lockups at Old Market gaol, Debtor's Gaol in Gaol Lane, Halifax, Dungeon Street, Hanson Lane gaol, Illingworth Gaol, Copper Street, and also at Halifax Police Station.

See Jails & Goals and Jonathan Turner

Halifax Gas, Light & Coke CompanyRef 31-2405
The gas company was formed in 1823 under an Act passed in 1822, and gas was produced in fire-brick ovens and stored in 3 gasometers – with a total capacity of 73049 cubic feet – which were built along the Hebble.

Gas lighting appeared in Halifax on Friday, 15th February 1823.

The company was bought by Halifax Corporation in 1853.

See Halifax Gas Works and Halifax Gas Works Offices

Halifax Gas Works OfficesRef 31-17
The offices were built on Mulcture Hall Road around 1898, by the Gas Company of Halifax County Borough Council.

The offices adjoin the Halifax Gas Works.

The architect was William Henry Dodgson Horsfall.

The Halifax Courier & Guardian Historical Almanack [1898] reported

Frontage: 225 ft. Large offices: area 936 sq yards.

Ground floor: drawing office & plan rooms; engineers, engineers clerks, general & coke offices; store room & store keeper's office; telephone room, waiting room, & lavatories. Spacious hall and staircase.

First floor: large committee room, laboratory, photometer, & 4 large store rooms.

Adjoining are 2 convenient houses for night & day foremen.

The workshops are both spacious – cont area of 1,560 sq yards – & splendidly adapted for the various works connected with the making of lamps, meters, & general repairs of every description.

Basement consists of storerooms for pipes & fittings


This & associated entries use material contributed by Anne Kirker

The Halifax GazetteRef 31-1964
Newspaper which published two editions on 24th September 1832, and 6th October 1832. It was printed by Rogers of Northgate, Halifax

Halifax General  Cemetery Company LimitedRef 31-2535
Formed in 1836 by Jonathan Akroyd, Richard Kershaw Lumb, and Ely Bates to create the Halifax General Cemetery.

It was formed in response to overcrowding in the burial grounds in Halifax. The new Cemetery was to be a safe and hygienic place of burial, and also a cemetery whose design and buildings would contribute to the improvement and respectability of the town.

The Cemetery was for use by all religious denominations.

The company offered 500 shares to be sold at £5 each. £1000 of the capital would go towards the purchase of land for the cemetery.

The Offices were at 31 Commercial Street, Halifax.

In 1837, the company established the General Cemetery in Lister Lane, Halifax.

See Simeon B. Cordingley

The Halifax General  DispensaryRef 31-24

Halifax General  HospitalRef 31-H1276
Huddersfield Road, Halifax. Originally St Luke's Hospital.

The Calderdale Royal Hospital stands on the site.

See Savile Close, Halifax

Halifax Geological SocietyRef 31-2986
Recorded in 1863, when they had a field trip up the Shibden Valley

Halifax Geologists' Field Club & Scientific AssociationRef 31-2483
Established in 1874.

It became the Halifax Scientific Society

Halifax Gilbert & Sullivan SocietyRef 31-1929

Halifax Girls' ClubRef 31-2709
Recorded in 1910, when it was at Great Albion Street.

Recorded in 1917 at Victoria Street East when W. H. Ostler was secretary.

On 1st October 1919, the Halifax Girls' Club & Hostel re-opened as a home for young ladies in business

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ruth Bourne & Alan Longbottom

Halifax Glee & Madrigal SocietyRef 31-1851
Musical society established in 1857.

In August 1858, they appeared at a concert in Manchester when the choir

numbering from 60 to 70 voices, afforded a pleasant variety to the concert

On 15th September 1860, they appeared at Manchester with Mrs Sunderland, and they were advertised as having 70 voices.

See Halifax Madrigal Society and Colonel William Irving Holdsworth

Halifax Gliding ClubRef 31-2247
Founded in 19??. Based at Crosland Moor, Huddersfield, then Ringstone Edge Farm, Barkisland.

Closed in 1976

Question: Can anyone tell me anything more about the Gliding Club?


Halifax Glove ShopRef 31-3638
Retailers in Crown Street. The shop and neighbouring property was lost when Waterhouse Street, Halifax was created in the 1920s

Halifax Golf ClubRef 31-H1998
Founded at Sunny Vale Pleasure Gardens in 1895.

It later moved to Lightcliffe in the grounds of Cliffe Hill Mansion in 18?? – see Bob Hall.

On 4th October 1902, the club moved to south of the reservoir at Ogden. The original 9-hole course was extended to 18 holes in 19??.

In 1953, Cliffe Hill School was built on the Lightcliffe site.

See Lightcliffe Golf Club

Halifax Golf Club (Ogden)Ref 31-H2012
Recorded in 1905 at Tripping Green, Holmfield.

The modern golf club is popular.

See Michael Allen and Halifax Golf Club Memorial, Ogden

Halifax Great War Heritage SocietyRef 31-68
The Society was set up in February 2012 to research the history, culture & everyday stories of Calderdale during the time of the Great War.

In 2019, the Society published the section of the diaries of **IGNORE** for the years 1914-1916, edited by Rob Hamilton

This & associated entries use material contributed by Stuart Wilkinson

Halifax Great War TrailRef 31-3999
An organisation set up to identify and describe the locations in Calderdale which were involved in the Great War of 1914-1918

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Millichope

Halifax GreenRef 31-1882
Former name of Cow Green

Halifax Greyhound PatronsRef 31-3429
Recorded on 28th April 1932, when the Social Club was struck off the register.

See Halifax Greyhound Stadium

Halifax Greyhound StadiumRef 31-3160
Greyhound racing took place at Thrum Hall, Halifax. Recorded in 1946.

See Halifax Greyhound Patrons

The Halifax GuardianRef 31-1963
Subtitled the Huddersfield & Bradford Advertiser.

Conservative weekly newspaper and rival to the Halifax & Huddersfield Express. It was published on Saturdays.

First published by Whitley & Booth at The Castle [1st December 1832].

George Hogarth was editor.

Financial supporters were the local Conservatives.

It was later published by Roberts Leyland.

From 1838, James Uriah Walker was proprietor and their office was at 13 George Street, Halifax.

In 1841, the use of steam technology enabled the paper to increase from 4 pages to 8 pages. The price for the 4 page paper was 7d, of which 4d was newspaper duty.

In 1850, the annual circulation was recorded as 124,000.

The newspaper duty was repealed in 1855 and the price fell to 3d.

After Walker's death in 1864, his son, Thomas James Walker, took over the paper.

In 1894, it was owned and published by the executors of Thomas James Walker.

In 1900, it cost 1d and was typically 12 pages in size.

In 1905, it was associated with the Halifax Newspaper & Printing Company Limited.

A daily edition started in 1906. A weekly edition started in 1???.

Editors of the Halifax Guardian have included

In May 1921, the Halifax Courier and Halifax Guardian merged to publish the daily and weekly Halifax Courier & Guardian.

See William Ackroyd, James Henry Ogden and Prisoners of War Fund

The Halifax Guardian: Almanack & Literary CompanionRef 31-1961
19th century almanac published by the Halifax Guardian. Recorded in 1912

Halifax GymnasiumRef 31-58

Halifax Hairdressers' SocietyRef 31-2431
Recorded in 1872

Halifax Hanoverian ClubRef 31-2415

Halifax Harmonic SocietyRef 31-H1937
Established in 1792

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax HarriersRef 31-57
Recorded around 1909

See Tradesmen's Harriers

Halifax Henpecked ClubRef 31-2808
A successor to the Boulderclough Henpecked Club.

Founder members included Wilkinson Pickles

Halifax High Level Railway CompanyRef 31-3925
Built the High Level Railway. In July 1894, the Company was taken over by the Great Northern Railway Company, and the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Company

Halifax High School for Girls Company LimitedRef 31-3606
Built the Halifax High School for Girls.

Richard Hodgson, was Chairman [1897]

In April 1897, the company was wound up voluntarily. Norcliffe Blakey Spenser was the liquidator

This & associated entries use material contributed by Roger Beasley

The Halifax Historical AlmanackRef 31-1960
Almanac published at the beginning of the 1800s by W. Stephenson and Henry Leach

Halifax Home GuardRef 31-39

See Halifax Home Guard Band and Home Guard

Halifax Home Guard BandRef 31-9

See Halifax Home Guard and Home Guard

Halifax Homœopathic Pharmacy & DispensaryRef 31-1493
60/62 Northgate. Established in 1856 by John Anderton

Halifax Horticultural & Floral SocietyRef 31-2491
See Louis John Crossley

Halifax Horticultural & Floricultural SocietyRef 31-2475
Established in October 1837. The Society held their exhibitions in a field behind St Paul's Church, King Cross

Halifax houseRef 31-H1449
A general term for the large stone-built halls and houses built by the wealthy yeoman clothier merchants in the period 1580-1680. See Dates of some local buildings

Halifax House, SouthowramRef 31-3745
In the 1861 census, Number 1 Bank Top is listed as Halifax House.

Owners and tenants have included

  • James Mellor and family [1861]

The Halifax Household AlmanackRef 31-1959
19th century almanac

Halifax, Huddersfield & Keighley RailwayRef 31-H3049
Recorded in December 1863, when shares were advertised to raise £650,000 capital for the venture

Halifax, Huddersfield & Keighley ReporterRef 31-692
Recorded in 1844

Halifax HuntRef 31-1605
Established in the late-18th / early-19th century

Halifax Ice & Cold Storage CompanyRef 31-2616
Ice manufacturers and cold storers at Thomas Street / Blackledge, Halifax [1905]

The Halifax Illustrated Almanack & Chronological RegisterRef 31-1958
19th century almanac

Halifax Improvements ActsRef 31-1721
There were several Acts – 1762, 1763, and 1823 – to improve the conditions in Halifax. A number of Trustees were appointed to control the state of the water supply and the sewerage systems.

The Halifax Improvement Act [1853] allowed the town council to build the Victoria Cattle Market and take cattle-trading off the streets. It also allowed the council to provide drainage and widen the streets.

The Halifax Improvement Act [1862] concerned the carrying out of the waterworks, the cemetery, the street improvements, the maintenance of the Inland Bonding warehouse, the construction of a train way between the Lancashire & Yorkshire Company's railway, and the Gas Works.

Under terms of the 1862 Act, keepers of music and dancing saloons were required to obtain an annual licence. This cost 3/6d and their premises had to close at 11:00 pm and were not to open on Sundays, Christmas Day, Good Friday or any other day of thanksgiving. In August 1868, a number of local pubs applied and were granted licences and some were refused.

See Reservoirs, Castle Carr, Infant mortality and Population of Halifax

Halifax Incorporated Law Society LimitedRef 31-2429
In 1905, they were at 8 Barum Top, Halifax.

Recorded in 1917 when Herbert Boocock and Harold Ingham Bearder were honorary secretaries, Edward Wallace Norris was honorary treasurer, and Joseph Wallace was librarian.

See James Clarkson, Halifax Law Society, Halifax Law Students' Society, Hopwood Hall, Halifax and Saxon Walshaw

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom & David Swarbrick

Halifax Industrial SocietyRef 31-H2497
The Halifax Working Men's Co-operative & Provident Society became the Halifax Industrial Society in 1861.

See Louis E. Bottomley, Thomas Clarke, Joseph Foreman, The History of the Halifax Industrial Society Limited and John Shillito

Halifax Infirmary & DispensaryRef 31-H1507
At the instigation of Dr Coulthurst in 1807, a dispensary was built by subscriptions, and offered free advice, medicine and treatment for the poor.

It opened in 1808.

The Infirmary closed on 3rd November 1896, and it was superseded by the Royal Halifax Infirmary in Free School Lane.

See Mary Eglin, Jackson & Fox, R.M.H and Star Seer

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch, Jeffrey Knowles & Alan Longbottom

Halifax Infirmary GalaRef 31-1686
Annual event held at Manor Heath. In June 1936, 20,000 people attended

Halifax Inner WheelRef 31-3388

See Mrs Arthur Pickles

Halifax InstituteRef 31-1910
See Halifax Union Workhouse, Gibbet Street

Halifax Institution for the Prosecution of FelonsRef 31-1911
Prosecution society established in 1821

Halifax Irish SocietyRef 31-2448
See Irish Centre and Irish in Calderdale

Halifax Joint Omnibus CommitteeRef 31-1469
Provided bus transport in Halifax. It was 50% owned by British Railways.

See Halifax Corporation Passenger Transport

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: BrighouseRef 31-3825
Opened 1894.

In 1897, there was a branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at Huddersfield Road, Brighouse when Edwin Burton was Manager

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: EllandRef 31-3826
Opened 1886.

A branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company opened at The Cross, Elland on 2nd April 1894.

Recorded in 1897, when Samuel Farnhill was Manager

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: Hebden BridgeRef 31-3827
This branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company was recorded in 1897 when William Bourne was Manager

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company LimitedRef 31-H152

See George Beaumont, Beckwith's, Herbert Fielden, John Fisher, John Holdsworth, Joint Stock Bank Court, Halifax, John Edward Longbottom, Michael Stocks, John Henry Swallow and The Commercial Bank of England

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom & Dot Rayner

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: LuddendenfootRef 31-3829
There was a sub-branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at Luddendenfoot [1897]

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: Princess Street, HalifaxRef 31-3824
The offices of this branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at Princess Street, now Princess Buildings, were built in 1858.

John Henry Swallow was General manager [1882]

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: Queens RoadRef 31-3948
A branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at Queens Road was recorded in February 1894

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: RippondenRef 31-3830
There was a sub-branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at Ripponden [1897].

See John William Widdop

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: Sowerby BridgeRef 31-3828
Opened 1886.

In 1897, there was a branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at the Town Hall, Sowerby Bridge when Joseph Hanson was Manager

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: Waterhouse Street, HalifaxRef 31-3823
In 1834, there was a branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at 23 Waterhouse Street, Halifax

Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company: West ValeRef 31-3831
There was a sub-branch of the Halifax Joint Stock Banking Company at West Vale / Greetland [1897]

The Halifax JournalRef 31-1945
Aka Halifax Journal, and Yorkshire & Lancashire Advertiser. Newspaper first published on 6th June 1801. It was a 4-page publication. It cost 6d, including 3½d duty. It was printed by Holden & Dowson at Hall End, Halifax.

J. D. McArthur was editor.

From July 1807, the paper was taken over by J. & B. K. Rogers.

On 23rd February 1811, it was taken over by R. Hurst of Wakefield and became the Wakefield & Halifax Journal

Halifax Junior Book SocietyRef 31-2460
Recorded in 1838

Halifax Junior Conservative AssociationRef 31-2722
Recorded in 1917 at George Square, Halifax when F. S. Bentley was honorary secretary

See Halifax Conservative Association

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Junior Evening InstituteRef 31-1890
Recorded in 1928

Halifax Juvenile Blue Ribbon ArmyRef 31-74
Record on 10th June 1882, when the Bradford Weekly Telegraph reported

Halifax Juvenile Blue Ribbon Army

The members of this organisation met in People's Park, Halifax on Saturday and marched from there, headed by one of their bands and choir, to Crossley Orphans Home.

Through the generosity of Mr Edward Crossley, the children were furnished with a cricketing outfit. Mr J. Asquith, draper of Old Market, has presented a thousand blue badges to the army


Question: Does anyone know anything about the Halifax Juvenile Blue Ribbon Army?


Halifax Labour ExchangeRef 31-1896
Halifax's opened on 1st February 1910. The first Labour Exchange was on Portland Street – now a part of the Broad Street car park.

Later, the service moved to King Cross Street – the building is still there, an interesting but derelict building almost opposite the Halifax Courier office.

In the 1920s, it was decided that purpose-built premises were needed and an office in Portland Place opened in March, 1928.

In 1984, the building was no longer adequate, in 1986, the Job Centre moved to Woolshops and in 1991 to premises on Horton Street.

See Crossfield House, Halifax

Halifax Labour UnionRef 31-2718
John Lister was a founder member

Halifax Lacrosse ClubRef 31-2015
Recorded in 1907

Halifax Ladies' Association for the Care of Women & GirlsRef 31-2388
Recorded in 1905.

Mrs Rawson was Vice President and her daughter was President [1905]

Question: Does anyone know which of her daughters was President?


Halifax Ladies' Temperance SocietyRef 31-1981
Formed in 1860 to help the Halifax Temperance Society and the local Temperance cause.

In 1917, they were at Central Hall, Halifax when Mrs D. Hanson was secretary.

The Society was disbanded in June 1918, owing to reduced and insufficient funds

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Lads' ClubRef 31-3394
See John Burdock

Halifax Lark Singing AssociationRef 31-2254
A lark singing society formed in 1879. They held competitions at the New Street Hotel, Pellon

Halifax Law SocietyRef 31-3122
Recorded in 1886, when Edmund Minson Wavell was the first president of the Society

See Halifax Incorporated Law Society Limited and Halifax Law Students' Society

Halifax Law Students' SocietyRef 31-2493
Established in 1881.

See Halifax Incorporated Law Society Limited, Halifax Law Society and George Marvell Riley

Halifax LegsRef 31-1573
A deformity reported amongst young boys employed in the carpet industry. It was caused by strain on the legs as the boys pressed dye into the worsted yarn

Halifax Lending LibraryRef 31-1682
A public subscription library was established at Harrison Road in 1769, and another at Old Cock Yard opened in 1823.

In 1845, the Harrison Road Library contained upwards of 10,000 volumes. At that time, John Crowder was librarian.

Following the Public Libraries Act [1850], the municipal library opened on Harrison Road in 1883 – after the Oddfellows' Hall had been rejected – a year after Halifax Public Reading Room. Originally, it had 25,000 books. It became popular and a branch was opened as Bankfield Library was opened in August 1888. In September 1890, the Harrison Road resources were moved to Belle Vue. Bankfield Museum opened as a library in 1888. The Southowram branch opened in October 1920. Skircoat Green had the first purpose-built library in September 1926, and a library at Ellen Royde, Elland in October 1926

Halifax Liberal AssociationRef 31-2450
Established in 1872 when 2 Liberal organisations in Halifax – the Registration Association and the Electoral Association united.

The Association was at 12 Waterhouse Street, Halifax [1917].

Members and Officers of the Organisation have included

Recorded in 1917

See Halifax Women's Liberal Association and Liberal News Room

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Liberal Electoral AssociationRef 31-2768
Established around 1868 by the supporters of Edward Owen Greening.

See Halifax Liberal Association

Halifax Licensed Houses Cricket LeagueRef 31-2
Recorded in 1922-1930

Halifax Light Opera SocietyRef 31-1928
Aka Halifax Light Opera Company, Halifax Light Opera Group.

See Clement Young Howarth and Walter Evelyn Wright

Halifax Light Operatic SocietyRef 31-1936

Halifax Literary & Philosophical SocietyRef 31-2480
Established in September 1830.

See Halifax Geological Society

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Cant & Mike Simonson

The Halifax Local OpinionRef 31-1956
Newspaper which was incorporated with The Ha'porth. It became the Halifax Comet

Halifax Lodges of FreemasonsRef 31-37
See Beacon [No 4066] Lodge, Freemasons' Hall, Halifax, Halez Fax [No 4135] Lodge, Halifax Freemasons Memorial, Masonic Hall, Halifax, Pennine [No 4177] Lodge, Probity [No 61] Lodge, St James [No 448] Lodge and Southwood House, Birdcage Lane

Halifax Madrigal SocietyRef 31-2436
Established in 1899.

Harry Shepley was their conductor [1917]. They won several prizes under his direction.

At their first concert in 1899, they performed Coleridge-Taylor's Hiawatha's Wedding Feast.

Walter Widdop performed with the choir.

In 1909, they won first prize in the Blackpool Musical Festival.

They won first prize in the Parkinson Challenge Shield [1910, 1911, 1912]. They won first prize in their section at the Blackpool Festival [1911, 1912, 1913].

On 27th May 1912, they won joint third prize in the Paris International Music Festival. They sang for the French President.

On 21st November 1913, members of the Society performed before George V and Queen Mary at Windsor Castle.

George V later requested that the choir should appear at Windsor to sing before the Royal Family and their Austrian Imperial guests, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie. Thomas Washington Benson, president of the Society had to go to Windsor to make the arrangements, and he & Harry Shepley were presented to King George V & the Queen.

In October 1923, 130 singers led by Harry Shepley were the first choir to appear in a Henry Wood Promenade Concert at the Queen's Hall, London.

In 1989, the Society became the Halifax Chamber Choir.

See Halifax Glee & Madrigal Society

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Glover, Anne Kirker & Alan Longbottom

Halifax MailRef 31-1554
Mail coach service established in 1836. It was discontinued in 1839 as the railway became popular and stage coach travel declined

Halifax Male Voice ChoirRef 31-1718
Established in 1931. Disbanded in 2007. Some of the members moved to Elland Male Voice Choir

Halifax-Manchester coach serviceRef 31-1709

Halifax, Manor ofRef 31-1914
The Earls of Warren gave the Manor to the Priory of Lewes.

The Priory leased the Manor to Robert Waterhouse, but he was dispossessed by Henry VIII.

It then passed through various hands until in 1545 it went to John Waterhouse.

It then passed to Sir Edward Waterhouse, who, in the early part of the 17th century, sold it to Sir Arthur Ingram.

In 1626, Ingram sold the Manor to Rev Thomas Greenwood for £500.

See Henry Dawson, Manor of Halifax-cum-Heptonstall and John Richardson

Halifax Mantle CompanyRef 31-2387
31 Northgate, Halifax. Established around 1881.

In 1890, the proprietor was J. W. Hutchinson.

In 1936, the business was at 7-9 Woolshops, Halifax, and the proprietor was R. J. Emmett

Halifax MarketRef 31-2534
See Markets, Corn Market, Fish Market, Borough Market, Covered Market, Halifax Markets, Woollen Market, Linen Market, Lower Market, New Market, Old Market, Piece Hall, Swine Market, Shambles, Halifax and Westgate Market

Halifax MarketsRef 31-1674
The name for a quadrangle of shops which stood at the exterior of the Piece Hall.

See Allan Collinson

Halifax, Marquis ofRef 31-1747

Halifax Master Builders' AssociationRef 31-2721
Recorded in 1917 at Town Hall Street East, Halifax

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Master Worsted SpinnersRef 31-856
A group of local 19th century worsted manufacturers.

Discussing child labour at a meeting at the Old Cock Inn, Halifax in March 1831, they decided that

  1. Operatives aged between 7 and 14 years of age are more capable of long continued labour than those aged 14 to 21 years
  2. The condition of those employed in our worsted mills does not warrant the conclusion that the present usages of the trade are injurious to the health and comfort of the operatives

See Halifax & District Master Spinners' Federation

Halifax, Mayors ofRef 31-1521

Halifax Mechanics' HallRef 31-2393
In 1894, this was at Town Hall Chambers, Halifax.

See Charles Dickens, Halifax Mechanics' Institute, Keir Hardie and Dr Newton

Halifax Mechanics' InstituteRef 31-H2307
Aka Halifax Mechanics' Institution, Halifax Institute, and Halifax Mechanics' Institution & Mutual Improvement Society.

On 3rd May 1825, Joseph Baldwin, wrote a letter which was distributed to the principal inhabitants of Halifax, advocating the establishment of a Mechanics' Institution in the town.

A Mechanics' Institute was established on 27th May 1825.

See Joseph Baldwin, Bechuanaland chiefs, Rev Russell Lant Carpenter, Evening Classes, Halifax Junior Evening Institute, Halifax Mechanics' Hall, Halifax Mutual Improvement Society, Hall of Science, Halifax, Jonathan Ingham Learoyd, Peter Tarby Macaulay, Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst, Henry Radcliffe, Judge James Stansfeld, The Tichborne Claimant, Joseph Thompson, Trinity Road Baptist Church, Halifax, John Waterhouse and John Whitworth

This & associated entries use material contributed by Roger Beasley & Alan Longbottom

Halifax Mechanics' Institution Penny Savings BankRef 31-142
Opened on 23rd February 1856 to serve the Halifax Mechanics' Institute.

In February 1859, their audit reports showed that the total investments were £4,805 9/10½d, of which £2,500 was invested with Halifax Corporation, and the rest with the Commercial Bank

It became the first Halifax branch of the Yorkshire Penny Bank

The Halifax MercuryRef 31-1955
Locally-produced version of The Leeds Mercury newspaper first published in May 1890.

In 1894, it was published on Fridays by Sidney Hallas at 14 Crossley Street, Halifax.

It and ceased publication on 5th January 1895

Halifax Metal Spinners LimitedRef 31-55
Recorded in 1953, when Frank Ford was a director

Halifax Midsummer FairRef 31-3034
Horse, cattle and pig fair held on 21st June. Recorded in 1835 when
the show, both of horses and cattle, was poor, and the business inconsiderable

Halifax Millinery & Mourning EstablishmentRef 31-1429
The popular name for the Northgate premises of milliner and draper George H. Gledhill. It stood on the north-west side of the junction of Northgate and Broad Street.

The building was later occupied by S. Arthur & Sons [1936].

It was demolished when the area was redeveloped

Halifax MinsterRef 31-3087

Halifax Minster ChurchRef 31-2801

Halifax Model Building SocietyRef 31-540
Unsuccessful society, closed in 188?

Halifax Modern LibraryRef 31-2910
Recorded in 1936 at 17 Northgate when the proprietor was A. Goodburn

Halifax Monthly Choral SocietyRef 31-1935
Established in 1825

Halifax MoorRef 31-1702
In the 18th century, the name was used for an area of land between Gibbet Street and Hanson Lane.

More recently, the name has been used for Skircoat Moor

Halifax Motor CompanyRef 31-3531
Car sales business established by Edgar Smith around 1914 at Smith's Garage, Skircoat Road. Edgar and his 3 sons were directors.

They had temporary showrooms in Northgate and King Cross Street.

They had a sales facility at South Parade, Halifax [1970].

In 1972, they merged with Ford dealers in Preston to form the Halshaw Group Limited.

They had a commercial vehicle depôt at New Road / Church Street, Halifax [1972], and a body and paint repair division at Springfield Works, Greetland [1972].

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax mottoRef 31-1727
It has been suggested that Edward Akroyd first used the motto, and it was adopted by the town council around 1862.

In Latin, the motto is:

Nisi Dominus custodierit civitatem

Halifax MPsRef 31-1847

Halifax Multiple Sclerosis SocietyRef 31-2478

Halifax Municipal AerodromeRef 31-325

Halifax MuseumRef 31-1895
The Halifax Literary & Philosophical Society Society had a temporary museum at the New Rooms, until a new hall – Harrison House – was built further along Harrison Road.

This was known as the Halifax Museum.

12 proprietors subscribed to the construction of the new museum:

The foundation stone for the new building was laid on 16th May 1834.

The Museum occupied the first floor of the building.

Alexander Campbell was curator at the Museum for 42 years.

In April 1860, a newspaper item – which presumably relates to the Society's museum – reported

Halifax possesses a very valuable and well-stocked museum [which is] closed to all but guinea subscribers. From 9th April 1860, the museum was to be opened, at certain hours of the day, at the rate of 1 penny per visitors

In 1896, the Museum collections were presented to the town and formed the basis of the Akroyd and Belle Vue Museums

Halifax Music ClubRef 31-2424
Established in the 19th century. They originally practised in members' home, but later, they met at several local hostelries, including the King's Head, Halifax, Old Cock Inn, Halifax and Union Cross, Halifax

Halifax Music FestivalRef 31-1875
See Halifax Competitive Musical Festival, Halifax Musical Festival and Joshua Hoyle

Halifax Musical FestivalRef 31-3430
Recorded on 10th October 1932, when it was abandoned.

See Halifax Competitive Musical Festival and Halifax Music Festival

Halifax Mutual Electric Light & Power CompanyRef 31-2715
Recorded in 1890, when Blakey Brothers & Emmott Limited were engineers to the company

Halifax Mutual Improvement SocietyRef 31-2473
Established around 1847. They held their meetings at Halifax British School. On 27th November 1852, the Society merged with the Halifax Mechanics' Institute. In 1894, they were at Town Hall Chambers, Halifax

See Mutual Improvement Societies

Halifax Mutual Orchestral BandRef 31-33

Recorded in 1913, when Norman Gott was a member

Halifax Mutual Plate Glass Insurance SocietyRef 31-77
Recorded in January 1919, when James Walker Clark was Chairman and presided over their 47th annual meeting at the Halifax Mechanics' Institute, suggesting that the Society was formed around 1872.

The meeting was reported in the Halifax Courier [25th January 1919]

Halifax: NameRef 31-H1862
The town is not mentioned by name in Domesday Book.

The name Halyfax appears in 1116, and the origin of the name is open to debate.

See Feslei, Horton, Hudley, Orange Town, Toffee Town and Seal of the Waterhouse Charity

Halifax NaturalistRef 31-1843
Magazine published by the Halifax Scientific Society and edited by William Bunting Crump.

Charles Edward Moss was part-time editor.

Charles Crossland was a contributor to the magazine.

Publication ceased after World War II.

8 volumes are recorded

Halifax New BankRef 31-159
When the Halifax Commercial Bank closed in 1807, William Rawson, Rawdon Briggs, John Rhodes, and John Rawson established the Halifax New Bank in George Street.

The Bank was dissolved in 1811, to become Rawson's Bank and the Halifax Commercial Bank

Halifax New Grand Theatre & Opera House Company LimitedRef 31-13
Built and owned the Grand Theatre & Opera House, Halifax [1889].

See Arthur Grimmett and J. B. Jennings

Halifax New MarketRef 31-775

Halifax New Subscription LibraryRef 31-2743
Established in 1823. It was at Old Cock Yard [1835].

By 1835, they had around 1,500 books.

amongst which are many valuable and useful works, besides a considerable portion of the lighter literature of the day, well calculated to gratify that numerous class of the community, who, from the pressure of business engagements are only able to make their reading a matter of intellectual amusement, and not of severer study

The library was open on Wednesdays and Saturdays [2:00 pm to 6:00 pm].

The Reading Room was said to form a Literary Lounge of very great interest, and an important feature of the Institution

See Halifax Subscription Library

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Newspaper & Printing Company LimitedRef 31-2510
Printers and publishers. Recorded in 1905 at Halifax Printing Works, George Street, Halifax.

The Halifax Guardian is recorded at the same address [1905].

See Joseph Whitaker

Halifax Newspaper Company LimitedRef 31-2526
They had offices at 14 Southgate, Halifax. The company was registered in February 1874.

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax NorthRef 31-3603

Halifax North End Cricket ClubRef 31-2598
Their headquarters were at the Albion, Claremount [1905]

Halifax Nurses' HomeRef 31-3422
Opened on 30th October 1929 by Lady Savile.

Recorded in 1905 4 Savile Terrace, Halifax when Miss Paul was there

The Halifax ObserverRef 31-1944
Newspaper. First published 18th January 1862, and ceased publication after seven issues.

A second newspaper of the same title was published – by George Greenwood – on 9th August 1884, and ceased publication on 24th December 1887

Halifax, OldRef 31-1239
A popular name for Joseph Rideal Smith

Halifax Old Railway StationRef 31-2194
An old name for Halifax Railway Station used from 1890.

See North Bridge Station

Halifax Old Smoke ClubRef 31-2214
See Halifax Smoke Club

Halifax Old Town HallRef 31-2751
Union Street. Between 1840 [when Halifax was incorporated] and 1863 [when Halifax Town Hall was built], the council offices had been dispersed to various places around the town.

Around 1850, the council business was carried out here, at the old town hall which stood at the south-west corner of the junction of Westgate and Union Street.

After 1863, the building was subsequently occupied by a W. H. Smith warehouse, a wine store, a shoe shop, and an optician.

The Town Hall Tavern stood opposite

Halifax Omnibus & Cab Company LimitedRef 31-2389
8 Portland Street, Halifax. The Company was formed on 11th February 1865. Edward Akroyd and John Crossley were trustees.

The company was registered in May 1865.

A service – with a horse-drawn omnibus – from King Cross to Boothtown started on 10th May 1865.

Edwin Walshaw was Chairman [1867].

The company was wound up voluntarily in February 1867. The liquidators were George Buckley, William Whitaker, and Joseph Pulman

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Opera SocietyRef 31-1926
Founded in 19??. Eric Portman was a member

Halifax Opportunities TrustRef 31-1841
See Elsie Whiteley Innovation Centre

Halifax Orange Club, No. 10Ref 31-3971
Recorded on 5th November 1828, when they had a meeting and supper at the Waterhouse Arms, Halifax in order to assert

their unalterable determination to oppose the Catholic Emancipation

There were several similar Orange Societies in Bradford and elsewhere

Halifax Orchestral SocietyRef 31-1846
Successor to the Harmonic Society. Formed in 1833 by a group which included George Hogarth.

On 21st April 1843, Mrs Sunderland appeared at a concert presented by the Society.

It was dissolved in 1850. The trustees passed the music collection on to the Halifax Philharmonic Society.

See Joseph Henry Frobisher and Richard de Zouche Hall

Halifax OrphanageRef 31-3086
See Crossley Orphanage and Crossley & Porter Orphanage Sanatorium

Halifax Overseers of the PoorRef 31-H786
The Foldout lists some of the people who have served as Overseer of the Poor for Halifax

Halifax Palace Theatre Company LimitedRef 31-1939
The company which built the Palace Theatre in 1902. The directors of the company were Frank MacNaughten (managing director), T. R. Sanders (chairman), Edgar Horsfall, C. F. Lawton, and H. Birkenshaw. Because of competition from the People's Palace and the Grand Theatre, business was not so good, and MacNaughten bought out some of the shareholders

Halifax parishRef 31-H2650
The parish was divided into 3 ecclesiastical districts: Halifax Parochial Chapelry, Heptonstall Parochial Chapelry, and Elland Parochial Chapelry.

The parish comprised the townships listed in the Foldout.

With a total length of 17 miles and an area of 76,000 acres, it was once the largest parish in England.

The boundaries of the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale coincide almost exactly with those of the original parish of Halifax.

Foldout presents some Census statistics for the parish

See Population, Halifax Act [1555], Myers Maps of the Parish of Halifax, Nomina Villarum and Townships of Halifax Parish

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

The Halifax Parish AlmanackRef 31-1957
First published in 1870

Halifax Parish ChurchRef 31-1844

Halifax Parish Church HallRef 31-1688
See Halifax Parish Church Day School

Halifax Parish Savings BankRef 31-151
Recorded in 1822.

It seems to disappear around 1870. It is possible that the assets were absorbed by the Yorkshire Penny Bank

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder

Halifax Park & Improvement ActRef 31-1921
Royal assent was given on 12th July 1858 confirming the gift of Francis Crossley of People's Park for the benefit of inhabitants of the borough, and authorising the Mayor, Aldermen and Burgesses to maintain and regulate the Park

Halifax Parochial ChapelryRef 31-2649
This comprised the township of Halifax and the out townships of Sowerby, Northowram, Warley, Ovenden, Southowram, Hipperholme-cum-Brighouse, Midgley, Skircoat, and Shelf.

In 1845, it is recorded that

each of the townships had pews in the north gallery of Halifax Parish Church and paid a share of the church rate. In return, they were entitled to a share of the offertory money and of the proceeds of Old Tristram's poor box

See Chapelry, Elland Parochial Chapelry and Heptonstall Parochial Chapelry

Halifax Parochial DistrictRef 31-1024
See Poor Law Union

Halifax Permanent Benefit Building & Investment SocietyRef 31-409
On 23rd December 1852, at a meeting in The Old Cock Inn, Joseph Dawson put forward a resolution that

a building society be called the Halifax Permanent Benefit Building & Investment Society be established

William McVine seconded the resolution.

The idea was inspired by philanthropists such as Edward Akroyd to offer loans for house purchase, and formed in the Oak Room at a meeting of the Loyal Georgean Society held in The Old Cock Inn in February 1853.

The first officers of the Society included

On 1st February 1853, the first premises of the Halifax Permanent Benefit Building Society was established over Samuel Swindel's shop at 19 Old Market, Halifax. The Society paid £10 annual rent.

From March 1853, the Society was open for 2 nights a week at an office in the Union Cross Yard.

In the first year, they moved to Waterhouse Street.

In 1873, the Society built their head offices at the junction of Crossley Street and Princess Street.

In 1921, they moved to Commercial Street.

On 22nd September 1927, it was announced that the Society would merge with Halifax Permanent Building Society of 1900 and Halifax Equitable Building Society to become the Halifax Building Society. The actual merger was completed on 31st January 1928.

See Akroydon, Rev Bryan Dale, Joseph Dawson and Esau Hanson

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder & Michael Steele

Halifax Permanent Benefit Building Society officesRef 31-H1924
7 & 9 Crossley Street.

The offices – aka Town Hall Buildings – at the junction of Crossley Street and Princess Street were built in 1871-1873 as the Head Office of the Halifax Permanent Benefit Building & Investment Society. The design was by Samuel Jackson of Bradford.

The White Swan Hotel and the Marlborough Hall are neighbouring buildings.

In 1921, the Society moved to Commercial Street, Halifax

Halifax Permanent Building SocietyRef 31-532
See the Halifax Permanent Benefit Building & Investment Society  of 1853 and the Halifax & District Permanent Banking Company Limited of  1909

This & associated entries use material contributed by Sylvia Crowder

Halifax Philharmonic SocietyRef 31-1934
Established in the mid-19th century.

They met and rehearsed at the King's Head, Cow Green.

The Society closed in the 1880s, and amalgamated with the Northgate End Orchestral Society in 1894.

Members of the Society have included

See Halifax Orchestral Society and Sir Charles Hallé

Halifax Photographic CompanyRef 31-2523
Founded by Arthur Frederick Sergeant in Halifax in 19??.

The firm became Lilywhite Limited around 1909

Halifax Photographic SocietyRef 31-2468
Founded in 1885.

Hugh Percy Kendall was President for a time.

See Halifax Camera Club

Halifax PhysicianRef 31-11
For some time, there was only one physician in Halifax.

Those who held the post included

Halifax Pitt ClubRef 31-2417
Recorded in 1840

Halifax PlayhouseRef 31-1858

Halifax PLCRef 31-H1849
The name of the Halifax Building Society when it became a bank on 2nd June 1997. The head office stands at Trinity Road, Halifax. The data centre stands on Wakefield Road at Copley.

In 2001, it merged with the Bank of Scotland to become HBoS.

Halifax Police StationRef 31-H2404
The police station has had various locations, including

See Constables for Halifax, Halifax Gaol, Halifax Special Constabulary Band, King Cross Police Sub-Station and Poems in Peace & War

This & associated entries use material contributed by Robert Doran & Jeffrey Knowles

Halifax Police Station: Harrison RoadRef 31-H3736
The new Central Police Station in Harrison Road opened on 29th October 1900.

The Halifax Borough Police Court was next door.

The building was designed by George Buckley & Sons, and also housed the Magistrates Court.

Until 1974, both police stations – Harrison Road and Prescott Street – had their respective courts and cells.

The Harrison Road building now houses court rooms and chambers for Calderdale, and is listed.

See Major Alfred Herbert Richardson

Halifax Police Station: Horton StreetRef 31-3739
In 1845, a Police Office is recorded at Horton Street where James Rawson was in charge.

The police were then housed at the corner of Westgate and Union Street.

In 1848, Halifax had a police force of 25

Halifax Police Station: Richmond CloseRef 31-3737
In 1985, the police moved to the new headquarters in Richmond Close.

See Halifax Police Station War Memorial

Halifax Police Station: Town HallRef 31-3735
From 1863, Halifax Police Station was in the basement of the new Halifax Town Hall along with the cells.

At that time, there were 37 members of the police force, under Superintendent Pearson.

In 1901, the force had grown to 100.

On 5th October 1867, it was decided to arm Halifax Borough Police with Colt revolvers and with cutlasses on account of there being known Fenians in the town

Halifax Police Station: Upper KirkgateRef 31-3738
In 1845, a Police Office is recorded at 7 Upper Kirkgate / Dispensary Walk where Thomas Spiers was in charge.

The police were then housed at the corner of Westgate and Union Street.

In 1848, Halifax had a police force of 25

Halifax Police Station: WestgateRef 31-1311
In 1851, the property at 21 Westgate, Halifax is listed as a lockup with prisoners

  • Margaret Cadman [aged 41]
  • Henry Hollis, a stuff dyer [aged 45]
  • John A. Day, a farm labourer [aged 40]

Halifax Poor Law Hospital , SalterhebbleRef 31-41

Halifax Poor Law InstitutionRef 31-2795
The Halifax Union Workhouse and hospital buildings opened in March 1840. It stood between Gibbet Street and Hanson Lane, Halifax.

From 1891, it was known as St John's Hospital and the Halifax Poor Law Institution.

It was also known as Gibbet Street Institution.

In 1901, a new St Luke's Hospital – aka Halifax Union Poor Law Hospital – was built at Salterhebble to accommodate bed-ridden patients from the overcrowded workhouse

Halifax Poor Law UnionRef 31-H2862
See William Corke, Halifax Board of Guardians, Halifax Union Workhouse and Poor Law

Halifax General Post OfficeRef 31-2263
Commercial Street.

The Leeds Times [Saturday 26th January 1884] reported

It is stated that property in
Old Cock Yard, Halifax, owned by the Rawson family, with frontage to the new Commercial Street has been acquired by the Post Office authorities as the site for the new Post Office for Halifax

The first purpose-built accommodation for the post office was designed by Sir Henry Tanner and opened on 23rd June 1887. It is constructed with the local sandstone. The cost of the building was around £13,000.

It was extended in 1926/1927 when the new automatic telephone exchange was installed.

The building was modernised in 1957 when the telephone exchange was extended and the sorting office was built.

The Telephone Exchange and the Sorting Office closed in ???? and moved to Gaol Lane, Halifax – see Halifax Post Office.

Question: Does anyone know the dates on which the Telephone Exchange, the Sorting Office & the General Post Office closed?


The Post Office continued until it closed in 2??? and the facility moved to the W. H. Smith's store on Market Street, Halifax.

See Halifax Post Office

This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles

Halifax Post OfficeRef 31-H2259

See William Bagnold Akers, Charlotte Bagnold, Tabitha Dewhirst and Halifax Post Office Memorials

Halifax PostmastersRef 31-1555
Early postmasters and postmistresses for Halifax included

When the post was established by Government, those who held the post included

Halifax Preserving CompanyRef 31-2374
Jam manufacturers at Blackledge.

Partners included John Edwin Stocks Topham & R. H. Marshall

Halifax Prosecution SocietyRef 31-2495
Aka the Halifax Society for the Prosecution of Felons. Prosecution society recorded in 1796.

See John Pollard & Company

Halifax Public HallRef 31-1904
Recorded in 1897

Halifax Public Reading RoomRef 31-1852
In 1767, there was a reading room at the Old Cock Yard with a subscription library.

In 1818, it moved to Southgate, adjacent to the Theatre Royal.

It later moved to the newly erected Assembly Rooms on Harrison Road where a public reading room opened at the New Rooms on 20th March, 1882. Halifax Lending Library opened the following year

Halifax PublicationsRef 31-2837
The term was used in 1862 in advertisements in The Times for Milner & Sowerby

Halifax Publicity Week ExhibitionRef 31-3426
Recorded on 21st October 1931, when 43,958 visitors attended

Halifax Quarterly Choral SocietyRef 31-1856
Founded in 1817 by William Priestley of Lightcliffe.

Meetings and rehearsals were held at the Ovenden Cross Inn, the Broad Tree Inn, the Union Cross Inn, and the Talbot Assembly Rooms.

Members and Officers of the Society have included

In 1839, the name was changed to the Halifax Choral Society

Halifax R. E. S. Gymnasium Cycling ClubRef 31-2014
The club for the Recreative Evening Schools is recorded in 1907.

See R. E. S. Gymnasium

Halifax Race CourseRef 31-H2005
Highroad Well, Halifax.

See William Howarth and Matthew Naylor

This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles

Halifax Rack & Screw Cutting Company LimitedRef 31-2521
Established in 1953, when Binns & Berry split off their rack and screw cutting operations and bought the Coronation Works, Ovenden.

In 1966, moved to a new purpose-built Coronation Works on Armytage Road, Brighouse.

In 1968, B. Elliott Machine Tool Company bought the business.

Recorded in 2012, when the firm employed 40 workers and received £200,000 from the Regional Growth Fund

Halifax Radical AssociationRef 31-3726
Recorded on 24th March 1840 when a fire broke out in their rooms in Jail Lane, Halifax

See Radicals

Halifax Railway StationRef 31-H2191
In July 1844, Halifax station for a single branch line was opened at Shaw Syke.

See Beacon Hill Viaduct, Halifax, Elevation of Halifax, Thomas William Helliwell, Horses at Work Museum and Lamb, Halifax

This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles

Halifax Rangers' Rugby Union Football ClubRef 31-2016
Recorded in 1907

Halifax RAOB (GLF) Hall & InstituteRef 31-2911
The Halifax branch of the Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes was at 3 Clare Road, Halifax [1920-1971]

Halifax Red Triangle Cricket LeagueRef 31-3454
The Red Triangle was a part of the YMCA movement.

See Halifax YMCA

The Halifax ReformerRef 31-1954
Weekly newspaper published in August 1847 by Henry Martin. It ceased publication in 1849 and made a short re-appearance in September 1850

Halifax Register OfficeRef 31-1874
In 1878, the office was moved to premises in Carlton Street.

In April 2009, the office was moved to Spring Hall, Halifax. Weddings ceremonies were then conducted at the refurbished Somerset House until 2010

Halifax Repertory Theatre ClubRef 31-1450
Formed in by a group of enthusiasts with the aim of trying to save the Grand Theatre, Halifax from closure.

G. S. Rose was Treasurer, L. Kendall was Chairman, and Eric Portman was President [1955]. Other members included Annette Anderson, Ivor Burgoyne, Heather Canning, Maurice and Pauline Davis, Conrad Greaves, Vernon Joiner, Mark Kennedy, John H. de Lannoy, Mary Legge, Michael Reeves, Harry Speed, and George Woolley. In January 1956, they had 350 members.

In 1954, they leased the Grand from the Northern Theatres Company.

In May 1954, Portman and Burgoyne devised and staged a musical extravaganza at the theatre before an audience of over 1,000. Around 350 people had to be turned away

At an emergency meeting at the Grand in January 1956, they decided to accept that the theatre was doomed

This & associated entries use material contributed by Susan

Halifax Republican ClubRef 31-2871
Established at a meeting at the Northgate Temperance Hotel in September 1871. 60 members were enrolled at the first meeting. The Halifax Guardian wrote
The Republican movement, it would appear, has reached Halifax, and a club has been formed after the notorious one in London; meanwhile, we can commend the fact to the serious consideration of all Liberals, whilst, to our Conservative friends, we feel assured it will only serve as an additional stimulus to preserve our present constitution and liberty. We want neither Republicans nor Communists in Halifax

On Saturday, 27th January 1872, 130 members and friends held their inaugural and first annual tea party at the Temperance Hall, Northgate. Joseph Firth was in the chair.

See St Crispin Republican Club, Halifax

Halifax Richmond Building SocietiesRef 31-2561
Recorded in 1905, when their registered offices were at 28 George Street, Halifax

Halifax Room & Power OfficeRef 31-2610
Recorded in 1905, when their registered office was at 7 Southgate Chambers, Halifax.

See Room & power

Halifax Rope CompanyRef 31-52
Recorded around 1910, when they were at Orange Street

Halifax Rotary ClubRef 31-2422
Formed on 4th January 1922.

See Harry Gaukroger, Arthur Henry Gledhill, Maurice Jagger and Clifford Ramsden

Halifax Round TableRef 31-1494
See John Burdock and Maurice Jagger

Halifax Royal Friendly SocietyRef 31-2611
Friendly society.

It was at

  • 13 Shakespeare Street, Ward's End when W. Smith was secretary [1894]
  • 58 Palace Theatre Chambers, Halifax [1905]
  • Palace Buildings, Ward's End when James Holden was secretary [1917]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Rugby ClubRef 31-H2001
Founded in 1873.

The club played Rugby Union until 1895, when 22 clubs – formed the Northern Union, which became the Rugby League in 1922.

In 1996, the team became Halifax Blue Sox R. L. F. C.

See Halifax Rugby League Club and Halifax Rugby Union Club

This & associated entries use material contributed by Duncan Mitchell

Halifax Rugby Junior LeagueRef 31-70
Recorded in 1936, when William Hitchen was secretary

Halifax Rugby League Football ClubRef 31-63
Founded in 1873.

The club played Rugby Union until 1895, when it was one of the 22 original members (along with Brighouse Rangers locally) of the break-away Northern Union, which became the Rugby League in 1922.

In 1996, the team became Halifax Blue Sox R. L. F. C.

See Halifax Rugby Club, Halifax Rugby League Football Club Hall of Fame and Halifax Rugby Union Club

This & associated entries use material contributed by Duncan Mitchell

Halifax Rugby League Football Club Hall of FameRef 31-65
A list of names of former players of Halifax Rugby League Football Club

Halifax Rugby Union Football ClubRef 31-2018
Founded in 1919.

In 1925, they moved to Ovenden Park.

See James William Bulmer, Craig Emmerson, Halifax Rugby League Football Club and James Archer Rigg

This & associated entries use material contributed by Duncan Mitchell

Halifax Rural District CouncilRef 31-1881
See Sir George John Armytage

Halifax Sailing ClubRef 31-2414
At Warley Moor Reservoir. Established in 1959.

At an altitude of 410 meters, this is the highest sailing club in Britain

Halifax SanatoriumRef 31-3040

Halifax Sand & Gravel Company LimitedRef 31-2776
Recorded in 1837, when they were at Raw Lane, Illingworth, and they had an office at 18 King Cross Street, Halifax

Halifax Savings BankRef 31-3052
Old Cock Yard.

Officers at the Bank have included Leonard Duncan – Manager [1834], William Tongue – Actuary [1834], and William Tongue – Actuary [1861]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Elizabeth Hampson

Halifax School BoardRef 31-1908
School Board set up in February 1871.

Recorded in 1874 at 30 Waterhouse Street, Halifax when Robert Ostler was Clerk.

On 20th July 1874, Queens Road Board School and Boothtown Board School, the first erected by the new School Board, were formally opened by Mr Swallow, the chairman.

Copley Council School was the last school built by the Board [1904].

The final meeting of the Board was on 16th November 1903.

See Lucy Delf, Halifax British School, Joseph Nutter's Scholarships, Robert Ostler, Wilkinson Pickles and Rawson Shaw Scholarships

Halifax Scientific SocietyRef 31-2485
Originally the Halifax Geologists Field Club & Scientific Association.

Recorded in 1917 at 10 Harrison Road, Halifax when James H. Lumb was secretary.

The Society published The Halifax Naturalist.

In the 1980s, the various sections of the society amalgamated into the Natural History Section.

Members of the Society have included

This & associated entries use material contributed by Steve Blacksmith & Alan Longbottom

Halifax: SealRef 31-H3061
There are several versions of the Halifax Seal and the Halifax Coat of Arms.

  • The seal inscribed

    depicts a hanged woman, a yew tree and a monk, and is said to be based on the legend of Ælred and the Virgin. It can be seen on the Calderdale Magistrates' Court building in Blackwall. This was used until Halifax was incorporated in 1848

  • The seal shows

    • The bearded head of St John the Baptist
    • 3 drops of blood
    • The Anglo-Saxon word halez
    • The 3 letters fax
    • The name Warren on the left – the feudal lord of Halifax
    • The name Lewes on the right – the Priory to which the church and lands belonged
    • the inscription
      Sigillum Communitatis Burgensium de Halifax

      Seal of the County Borough of Halifax

Halifax Shakespeare SocietyRef 31-2494
Recorded 1908-1928

Halifax Shirt CompanyRef 31-2514
19th century business

Halifax signRef 31-1838
Barbara Wadsworth designed the road sign which greeted motorists as they entered the district

Halifax Singing Band & Concertina PartyRef 31-3460
Recorded in December 1904, when they held a mission at Sowerby Bridge Primitive Methodist Chapel

Halifax Skating Rink, Arden RoadRef 31-1869
Aka Halifax Skating Rink. Roller-skating rink opened in August 1876 by the Halifax Skating Rink Company. The whole building covered 2874 square yards with the asphalt rink covering 2318 of these.

In August 1883, a 6-day walking marathon was held here, the 2 winners walking 191 and 192 miles in their 35-hour walk around the track. The competitors walked from 4:00 to 10:00 daily. In the first session, the winner walked 37¼ miles. In 1887, B. Collins was manager.

The rink closed in 19??

Halifax Skating Rink, Clare HallRef 31-3168
Opened in 1???. Closed in 19??.

An advertisement in 1911 announced

Auction Sale on 25th February 1911 of Fittings and Appointments of a Roller Skating Rink at Clare Hall, Halifax owing to the building being leased for other purposes

This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles

Halifax Skating Rink CompanyRef 31-2367
Established in 1875. They established the Halifax Skating Rink

The Halifax SlasherRef 31-H1870
A series of attacks – variously with knife, razor, hammer – which were reported in and around Halifax for a period of 10 days in November 1938

Halifax Smallpox HospitalRef 31-2896
Highroad Well Moor. Recorded in 1907 & 1936

Halifax Smoke ClubRef 31-2253
Aka the Halifax Old Smoke Club.

Gentlemen's club established at The Cross Pipes in the late 18th century.

They also met in the Oak Room at the Old Cock Inn, Halifax

Halifax Society for the BlindRef 31-2492
See Halifax District Blind Society

Halifax Society of NaturalistsRef 31-2476
Instituted on 27th September 1781. They collected and loaned books, and were an early circulating library.

See Thomas Woodhead

Halifax Soroptimist ClubRef 31-3385

See Edith Annie Oakley

Halifax South Ward ClubRef 31-2714
Working Men's Club recorded in 1917 at Adelaide Street when James Hutchinson was secretary

Question: Is this the same as South Ward Working Men's Club?


This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax South Ward Liberal ClubRef 31-2706
14 Hopwood Lane, Halifax.

Secretaries of the Club included J. Alderson [1905] and A. Putman [1917]

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Special Constabulary BandRef 31-3740
A brass band formed from the members of the Special Constabulary in Halifax. Recorded in 1939

Halifax SpeedwayRef 31-1451

Halifax Spiritualist SocietyRef 31-14
Recorded in 1871, when Abbey Durio Wilson was elected Secretary

Halifax Stamp OfficeRef 31-2629
Recorded in 1845 at 1 Old Market, Halifax when the sub-distributor was Joseph Hartley, and in 1874 at George Street, Halifax when the distributor was S. Mallinson

Halifax Standing Conference of Women's OrganisationsRef 31-3386
See Edith Annie Oakley

Halifax StationRef 31-1830

Halifax Statistical SocietyRef 31-2971
Established in June 1838. G. Pollard was President [1838]

Halifax Steam Brewing Company, HipperholmeRef 31-2428
Microbrewery at Southedge Works.

Established in 2001.

They use Whitaker's Cock o' the North logo.

In 2006, the Company brewed a beer which they named after Lily Fogg

Halifax Steam Brewing Company, RastrickRef 31-2527
Independent brewery at Healey Wood Road

Halifax Steam LaundryRef 31-H2369
Highroad Well. Established in 1877. In 1884, the business was wound up and was taken over by Wilkinson Pickles who had previously worked as a clerk.

In 1895, he employed around 75 workers – mostly women and girls – and they had around 1000 regular clients. 4 horses and 4 vans were required for collection and delivery, washing being done for around 1,000 families.

In 1905, it was listed as a branch of Yorkshire Laundries Limited. The photograph shows that B. Barker was Manager around 1905.

In 1937, it was at Parkinson Lane, Halifax and the proprietors were L. S & J. Halliday.

In 1944, it was at West End, Halifax and the proprietors were L. S & J. R. Halliday.

The building is now known as Maple Works.

See Maple Laundries Limited

This & associated entries use material contributed by Elizabeth Whitmarsh

Halifax StocksRef 31-H3496
The town stocks have stood

Halifax stoneRef 31-1916
Millers in Clifton gave 14 lbs of flour to a stone, whereas Halifax millers gave 12 lbs to a stone. For this reason, Clifton was popular as a source of cheap flour

Halifax Stone Working CompanyRef 31-2917
In August 1884, Charles Horsfall Denham, a director of the company, was sentenced to 12 months' imprisonment for uttering false balance sheets declaring large dividends

Halifax Subscription AssembliesRef 31-1905
Recorded in 1833

Halifax Subscription ConcertsRef 31-1938
Began in 1827 in the New Assembly Rooms to provide musical concerts for the public. Christopher Rawson was a patron of the concerts

Halifax Subscription LibraryRef 31-1492
Founded in 1767.

There was an annual subscription of 5/- plus an entrance fee – or share – of 1 guinea (rising to 5 guineas by the end of the century, and 7 guineas in 1818).

See John Crowder, Halifax New Subscription Library and William Winn

Halifax Summer FairRef 31-2877
Also known as Great Saturday – held on the 3rd Saturday in June. It was described as
from time immemorial devoted to pleasure, drinking and vice

Halifax Sunday Football LeagueRef 31-16
Founded on 14th October 1968 at a meeting at the Corporation Arms, Halifax

This & associated entries use material contributed by Malcolm Barrett

Halifax Sunday Lecture SocietyRef 31-2472
Established in 1895 to present lectures on topics in

Physical, Intellectual and Moral Sciences, History, Travel, Literature, Music and Art

The founders included

The lectures were given on Sunday evenings after church services had ended.

Officers of the Society have included

The Society was at 8 Ward's End, Halifax [1917]

The Society was disbanded in 1950

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Sunday School UnionRef 31-1138
Founded in 1820 by the Sunday Schools of Square Chapel and Sion Chapel. Other Anglican and Nonconformist schools joined later.

In 1868, there were 85 schools, 3,232 teachers and 20,042 scholars in the Union.

See William Corke, Sunday School Jubilee Sing, Town Hall Chambers, Halifax and Rev John White

Halifax Swimming ClubRef 31-2010
Established in 1864. The first competition was held at Park Road Baths, Halifax on 29th March 1864

See Ralph Sanderson Barker

Halifax swimming poolRef 31-2189

Halifax Symphony OrchestraRef 31-1898
Founded in 1???. The oldest symphony orchestra in England

Halifax Taylor-MillsRef 31-2720
A society recorded in 1917 at 10 Cow Green, Halifax when Whalley & Company were secretaries

Question: Does anyone know the correct name of the society and/or what the members did?


This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Teachers' CentreRef 31-3493
Bermerside House, Skircoat Green Road.

The Halifax Teachers' War Memorial is here.

See Pupil Teachers' Centre, Halifax

Halifax Temperance Brass & Reed BandRef 31-43
Recorded around 1900

Halifax Temperance SocietyRef 31-1982
In 1857, The Halifax Total Abstinence Society is referred to as The Halifax Temperance Society.

At that time, Joseph Thorp was President, S. Homer was Secretary, and David Binns was Treasurer.

Other members have included Thomas Tiffany – who may have been President.

On 19th August 1860, the Society opened their new Temperance Hall at Northgate, Halifax.

See Halifax Ladies' Temperance Society

This & associated entries use material contributed by Lesley Abernethy

Halifax Textile SocietyRef 31-2489
Founded 1912/1913. At its peak, there were 150 members, including slubbers, worsted manufacturers and spinners, and carpet weavers Closed in March 2008.

See Walter Brenard

Halifax TheatreRef 31-H1877
The Halifax Theatre stood on the site of the present Theatre Royal was built by voluntary subscription in 1789.

The theatre was subsequently known as the Theatre Royal.

It closed in March 1904 and was replaced by the new Theatre Royal

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax ThespiansRef 31-H1887
Local amateur dramatic society which presents a regular series of plays at the Halifax Playhouse

See Ernest Shillitoe Latchmore

Halifax Third Model Building SocietyRef 31-69
Established in 1889.

Discontinued in 1894

Halifax, Thornton & Keighley RailwayRef 31-2197
Having acquired the Bradford & Thornton Railway, the Great Northern Railway was then able to pursue its aim of linking Halifax with Keighley.

Parliamentary approval for the Halifax, Thornton & Keighley Railway in 1872 gave approval to extend the Thornton line to Keighley, with intermediate stations at Denholm – Wilsden – Cullingworth – Ingrow (using Midland Railway lines for the last section into Keighley on the Worth Valley line), and to link to the, as yet unfinished, Halifax & Ovenden Junction Railway from Queensbury to Holmfield.

The line from Queensbury to Holmfield was dominated by the long sloping Queensbury Tunnel. At 2501 yards long, this was the longest tunnel built by the Great Northern Railway at that time.

The line opened on 14th October 1878. The passenger station at Queensbury opened the following year. On 1st December 1879, the line between Ovenden and Holmfield was completed, and thereby gave the Great Northern Railway the ability to reach Halifax from Bradford over its own lines for the first time.

The extension of the line north from Thornton made slow progress owing to financial pressures. The line required 2 substantial viaducts: the Hewenden Viaduct (343 yds) and the Cullingworth Viaduct (144 yds), and the Lees Moor Tunnel (1533 yds). The delays to this element of the Halifax-Keighley route meant that it is was on 1st December 1884 that passengers were able to travel directly to Keighley from Halifax.

See Queensbury Railway Lines

The Halifax TimesRef 31-1953
Newspaper first published 16th August 1872, and ceased publication on 15th December 1894. The proprietors were the Cooper Brothers [1874] and John Cooper [1894]

Halifax Tithe Commutation Bill [1829]Ref 31-1853
On April 18th 1829, the Bill received royal assent.
An act for extinguishing tithes, and payments in lieu of tithes, mortuaries and Easter offerings, and other vicarial dues and payments within the parish of Halifax, in the diocese of the county of York for making compensation to the vicar in lieu thereof, and enabling him to grant certain leases of lands belonging to the vicarage

By this act, the annual stipend of £1409 15s 6d was to be paid to the Vicar of Halifax, by the various townships in the parish, in certain proportions, and was to be levied by an assessment on all inhabited houses, corn mills, and arable, meadow, and pasture lands, orchards, and gardens in each township.

See Halifax Anti-Vicar Rate Association and Vicar Rate

Halifax TodayRef 31-1951
The website of the Evening Courier.

Like the other local newspapers in this group, the online version of the Halifax Today is of very poor quality.

    1. It is not updated as frequently as it could be
    2. Much of the editorial material is cut-and-paste text from sister  newspapers
    3. It is completely overwhelmed by highly intrusive advertisements
    4. The reading matter is continually rearrange and re-ordered,  making it difficult to follow a long story
    5. The whole publication is clearly produced by a group of people with only minor  qualifications in Media Studies, and is aimed at people with only minor qualifications in anything

Halifax Tool Company LimitedRef 31-2520

Manufacturer of stone working and drilling equipment.

The local sandstone had a high silica content, and this quickly blunted the traditional tools. Marshall & Sons began producing the more durable tungsten-tipped tools at their factory in Briar Lane, initially for their quarries' own use, and then for wider sale. The Company went on to become a major manufacturer and distributor of deep rock drilling machines that relied heavily on tungsten carbide tipped tools that completely revolutionised blast hole drilling in the quarry and open pit mining industries, at home and around the world.

The Halifax Tool Company was founded in 1948 by the grandson of Solomon Marshall. The trade name was Halco. It was registered as a private company in April 1950.

The name was changed to Marshall's (Halifax) Limited in 1964.

In 1996, the business was sold to Halco Drilling International Limited

This & associated entries use material contributed by Steven Beasley

Halifax Total Abstinence SocietyRef 31-2667
A Society was founded in 1832 / 1835.

In 1836, the first of their annual teetotal festivals was held. These were held in the Piece Hall.

Rev John White was the founder and first President. Robert McCurdy was the Secretary

In 1857, it is referred to as The Halifax Temperance Society

This & associated entries use material contributed by Lesley Abernethy

Halifax Tourist Information CentreRef 31-331
Piece Hall, Halifax. It used to be in a good position in the main courtyard, but in 2006, it was moved on to one of the Galleries – if you can find it.

The former premises are now a – much more profitable – Café

Halifax Town Association Football ClubRef 31-1999
The Club was formed at a meeting at the Saddle Hotel, Halifax on 23rd May 1911.

A small group of people – including Joseph Bentley McClelland - were willing to guarantee the sum of £1 to ensure the formation of the club.

The first team comprised: J. Chadbourne (Captain), B. Finch, E. Firth, C. Garforth, G. Holdsworth, A. McGill, W. Midgley, C. Morgan, J. Nixon, W. Redding, and G. H. Wild.

In the first match at the Shay on 3rd September 1921, they beat Darlington: 5-1.

On 9th September 1911, they lost to Bradford City Reserves: 2-6.

On 8th June 1912, the club was admitted to the Midland League.

The home ground was first at Sandhall Lane, then Exley (from 1919) which was formerly the grounds for Salterhebble RU club, then finally at the Shay in 1921, when the first match – Halifax beat Darlington 5-1 – attracted a crowd of over 10,000.

The team gained football league status in 1921.

The team were relegated from the Third Division after 72 years in the league, and joined the Vauxhall League in 1993.

The club went into liquidation in Summer 2008.

See Hotspur and Fred Kirby

Halifax Town Centre Conservation AreaRef 31-64
In the 1970s, an area of central Halifax was designated as worthy of preservation.

See Halifax Woollen Warehouse

This & associated entries use material contributed by David Glover

Halifax Town Centre ForumRef 31-1488
An organisation which works to promote Halifax and its heritage

Halifax town crierRef 31-1915
See Bell ringers, Benjamin Cordingley, Simeon Horsfall, John Street, Halifax, David Moorhouse, John Moorhouse, Nathaniel Scholfield and John Simpson

Halifax Town HallRef 31-H1883
Opened on Tuesday, 4th August 1863 and was designed and built by Sir Charles Barry and completed by his son, Edward Middleton Barry.

See John Baldwin, Mr Cockroft, Elevation of Halifax, The Prince of Wales visits Halifax, Halifax Town Hall Memorial, Princess Street and Queen Victoria

Halifax TownshipsRef 31-34

Halifax Trade ExchangeRef 31-59
Began at Halifax Town Hall on 4th January 1864.

See Building Trades Exchange, Halifax

Halifax Trade Protection SocietyRef 31-2488
Recorded in 1934

See Percy Riley Gray

Halifax Trades Exhibition & World's FairRef 31-3296

Halifax Tradesmen's AssociationRef 31-2513
Established in 1862. The founders included Joseph Binns.

They had offices in Broad Street.

See Frederick Austin Leach

Halifax Tradesmen's Benevolent InstitutionRef 31-3593
In March 1870, The Leeds Mercury reported

The 15th election of pensioners for the Institution when

were elected


The Institution was recorded in 1917 at 10 Harrison Road, Halifax when Oates Webster was secretary.

See Halifax Tradesmen's Benevolent Society

Halifax Tradesmen's Benevolent SocietyRef 31-2467
A friendly society established on 6th November 1863.

At that first meeting, an aggregate amount of £3450 was promised in donations, and Joshua Appleyard said that, when £4000 was raised, he would make it £6000

On 26th January 1864, a public meeting of the subscribers of the Society took place in the Town Hall, and the Rules for the regulation of the Society were adopted. It was announced that upwards of £4000 had been subscribed as a fund, and that annual sums to the amount of £337 had been promised. The Chairman, Joshua Appleyard, in fulfilment of his promise, gave his cheque for £1000.

In 1874, it was recorded at Crown Street, Halifax.

See J. P. Birtwhistle, John Edward Champney, Daniel Jones Crossley, Dr J. W. Garlick, Halifax Tradesmen's Benevolent Institution, John Holdsworth, William Huntriss, Judd's bequest, William Nowell, T. T. Ormerod, John Selwyn Rawson and Samuel Lord Watkinson

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax Tradesmen's Supply Association LimitedRef 31-3744
They were at

Halifax Tram StrikeRef 31-1885
Started on 22nd August 1906, following the dismissal of Theodore Chadwick, the driver in the North Bridge tram accident.

On 31st August 1906, 20 drivers were brought from Bristol to help.

On 5th September 1906, a 13,000 signature petition was presented to the Town Council objecting to the Tramways Committee's action.

By the 15th September 1906, 40 drivers had returned to work and the strike ended

Halifax Tramways DepotRef 31-H1879
Built at Mile Cross / Spring Hall Lane / Highroad Well for the electric tramway which opened on 9th June 1898.

It could only accommodate 18 vehicles.

In 1905, the depot was moved to Skircoat Road

Halifax Tramways Male Voice ChoirRef 31-1744
Recorded in 1924

Halifax Triennial Music FestivalRef 31-1855
The 2-day festivals were held between 1796 and 1830.

About 1805, the festival was held in Assembly Rooms at the Union Cross, Halifax.

The festivals may have attracted George Hogarth to the town

Halifax Typographical SocietyRef 31-2427
Established in 1836

Halifax UnionRef 31-2863

Halifax Union BankRef 31-162

Halifax Union ClubRef 31-2423
19th century club. Their meetings were held at the Talbot Inn. Became the Loyal Georgean Society.

See Sir George Savile

Halifax Union Saint Luke's HospitalRef 31-1802

Halifax Union Workhouse, Gibbet StreetRef 31-H1448
The Halifax Workhouse – founded by Nathaniel Waterhouse in 1635 – closed when the Union Workhouse for Halifax and district opened on 25th March 1840.

See Bankfield House, Channel Islands, Halifax Board of Guardians, Halifax Poor Law Union, Lightowler Road, Halifax, Porter's Lodge, Halifax Union Workhouse and St Paul's Church, King Cross

This & associated entries use material contributed by Jeffrey Knowles & Stuart Wilkinson

Halifax United Trades ClubRef 31-2408
Recorded in 1905 & 1917 at 22 Mount Street.

In 1917, J. Tyler was secretary

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax University Extension SocietyRef 31-2465
Recorded in 1873 & 1915.

In September 1915, the Society gave a course of 6 lectures on The Development of Modern Russia by E. L. S. Horsbrugh BA, at the Lecture Room of the Halifax Literary & Philosophical Society

Halifax VandalsRef 31-44
Football club.

Recorded in 1915

Halifax Vegetarian SocietyRef 31-2669
Founded around 1894

This & associated entries use material contributed by Alan Longbottom

Halifax, Vicars ofRef 31-1736

Halifax Victoria BandRef 31-10

Halifax, ViscountRef 31-1714

Halifax Visitor Centre & Art GalleryRef 31-3889
A part of the Calderdale Museums facility, located in the Piece Hall

Halifax Vocal UnionRef 31-1897
19th century musical society

Halifax War Refugees CommitteeRef 31-31
Recorded during World War I, when Sir Frederick Whitley Thomson was Chairman [1913-1919]. He was awarded the Medaille du Roi by King Albert I of Belgium for services to Belgian refugees

This & associated entries use material contributed by Tony Martin

Halifax Watching & Improvement ActRef 31-347
Passed on 17th June 1823

Halifax Waterworks Act [1762]Ref 31-2821
Dr Cyril Jackson was a Trustee

The Halifax Weekly CourierRef 31-20
Recorded in 1920

The Halifax Weekly GuardianRef 31-3410
A weekly edition of the Halifax Guardian.

On 20th October 1917, the price increased from 1d to 1½d

Halifax Welfare HomeRef 31-3992
Recorded in 1946, when William Ingham died here

Halifax Welfare Home Concert HallRef 31-1491

Halifax West End Glee UnionRef 31-3047
Established at the West Hill Hotel, Halifax.

Recorded in June 1894, when they gained first prize in the Male Voices section of a choral contest at Hawes.

John Harry Shepley was appointed conductor [1895].

In 1898, the Mixed Choir won 3rd prize in the Bradford Festival.

In 1905, they were at the Griffin Hotel, Halifax when the Secretary was Mr Dobson

Halifax White Swan Company LimitedRef 31-3605
Established in 1873 for the purpose of acquiring the White Swan Hotel, Halifax – then occupied by Mr H. C. Cain – and carrying on the business of hotel proprietors, cab proprietors, and other useful adjuncts of hotel keeping.

The property was bought for £8,000, and stock and other effects were bought at a valuation. 4000 shares were offered to raise £20,000 capital.

Provisional directors [1873] were

Halifax windowRef 31-1829
A window with two unequal rows of lights. For example, a row of 3 lights above a row of 4 lights, or 2 lights above 3 lights

Halifax Window Cleaning AssociationRef 31-2594
Recorded in 1905 at 9 Lord Street, Halifax when the proprietor was W. H. W. Harrison

Halifax Wine & Beer AssociationRef 31-2508
See Mark Morrell

Halifax Winter Cattle FairRef 31-1886
Held around Barum Top, Bull Green, Cow Green, and Harrison Road. Around 1856, it was moved to Gibbet Street.

See Great Saturday, Halifax Fun Fair and November Fair

Halifax Wire Drawers' AssociationRef 31-3392

See Fred Leach, Small Wire Drawers' Society and Wire drawing Wire drawing

Halifax Wireless Club & Radio SocietyRef 31-22
In 1920, they held their meetings at the Halifax YMCA.

Walter Emmott helped to establish – and was the first president of – the Club.

An old cupboard was converted into a receiving room, and a 100 ft copper aerial was fixed to the roof.

In 1922, The Halifax Courier & Guardian reported a test conducted by members James Reginald Clay [call sign 2YF] and Percy Denison [call sign 2KD].

In March 1928, they held a meeting at the Mikado Café, where J. R. Clay gave a demonstration using a Rice-Kellogg loud-speaking system

This & associated entries use material contributed by Les Forester

Halifax Wireless Installations CommitteeRef 31-3419
Recorded on 25th August 1927, when they held their final meeting

Halifax Women's Liberal AssociationRef 31-3387

See Halifax Liberal Association and Mrs Arthur Pickles

Halifax Women's Luncheon ClubRef 31-3417
Formed on 14th October 1925

Halifax Women's Vigilance AssociationRef 31-3404
Recorded on 3rd February 1914, when the first annual meeting reported a cash balance of £33 5/9d

Halifax Women's Welfare ClinicRef 31-1624
32 Clare Road, Halifax. In 19??, Hattie Fisher led a committee which put forward a proposal to start a family-planning clinic in Halifax. It was rejected, but in 1934, the group opened the Halifax Women's Welfare Clinic at the TOC H rooms in Halifax. The clinic was supported by public subscription

Halifax Woollen MarketRef 31-1860
On 26th November 1864, a large meeting of people connected with the woollen trade in the Halifax district was held at Halifax Town Hall to consider the proposal to establish a woollen market in Halifax. The movement originated with local manufacturers who travelled to Rochdale market to sell their goods, which are mostly kerseys, linseys, scourers, blankets, and low woollens generally. The meeting, chaired by John Crossley, unanimously carried resolutions in favour of the movement.

On Saturday, 7th January 1865, the first market was held in the Piece Hall. The market was highly encouraging to the promoters of the change. The principal merchants afterwards celebrated the occasion by dining together under the presidency of John Crossley

Halifax Workers' Educational AssociationRef 31-2246
A local branch of the Workers' Educational Association was founded in 1909. The first WEA classes were given at the Municipal Technical College

Halifax WorkhouseRef 31-1760
A workhouse was founded by Nathaniel Waterhouse in 1635 after Charles I granted a charter to set up a managing committee and a workhouse for the poor, within the town and parish of Halifax. Waterhouse was appointed the first master, and subsequent masters were elected annually by the 12 governors from among themselves. It occupied Waterhouse's house near Halifax Parish Church.

In 1777, the Workhouse accommodated 100 inmates.

It was established to provide a place in which the poor – and vagabonds, ruffians and sturdy beggars – might be set to work, at a time when the parish of Halifax was much impoverished and like to be ruined by the great numbers of poor people daily increasing.

The institution was run by 13 men whose tasks included seeking anyone who was wandering idly around the town, or in the pubs when they should have been at work, and sent them to the Workhouse.

Inmates were required to work from 5:00 am to 8:00 pm in summer, and from 6:00 am to 9:00 pm in winter. There was a whipping-stock for any miscreants.

The inmates were hired out as workers.

In 1830, it was at 8 Upper Kirkgate.

Officers at the Workhouse included

In 1840, it was superseded by the Halifax Union Workhouse.

The building became the town's first police station.

See Overseers' Office, Inmates of the Halifax Workhouse and Vagrants' Office

Halifax Working Men's CollegeRef 31-1839
See Haley Hill Working Men's College

Halifax Working Men's Co-operative & Provident SocietyRef 31-H2496
A co-operative society established in 1850

Halifax Workshops for the BlindRef 31-3272
The foundation stone was laid on 4th October 1924. It was opened on 25th October 1925 by Neville Chamberlain

Halifax Worsted Spinning CompanyRef 31-3125
They had business at Scarborough Mills, Halifax

Halifax Wounded Soldiers' CommitteeRef 31-1827
Established during World War I

Rev William Foxley Norris was involved in organising the Committee

Halifax Yeomanry BandRef 31-962
Founded in 18??.

Abel Dean was the first conductor of the band.

See Albert Foulds

Halifax YMCARef 31-1578
From 1919, Clare Hall was the headquarters of the YMCA in Halifax.

In the 1920s, the Halifax Wireless Club & Radio Society held their meetings here.

On 20th October 1931, the Hon Mrs Victor Bruce attended an Open Week at the YMCA.

In February 1936, they moved to new premises in Market Street, Halifax. On 1st April 1936, the premises were formally opened by the Mayor, Walter Brenard.

In 1950, Marlborough Hall, Halifax became the headquarters.

See Boys' Red Triangle Hut, Halifax, Halifax Red Triangle Cricket League and Halifax YMCA Pantomime Society

This & associated entries use material contributed by Ivan Birch

Halifax YMCA Pantomime SocietyRef 31-1927

Halifax Young Women's InstituteRef 31-2987
Recorded in April 1865 together with Halifax Working Men's College, when Edward Akroydfounder and principal – chaired the annual prize-giving of the 2 institutions

Halifax Zoo & Amusement ParkRef 31-1888

Halifax Zoo & Amusement ParkRef 31-75

© Malcolm Bull 2024
Revised 14:46 / 11th June 2024 / 339448

Page Ref: MMH55

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